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Genome-wide evolutionary response of European oaks since the Little Ice Age

Abstract : ABSTRACT The pace of tree microevolution during Anthropocene warming is largely unknown. We used a retrospective approach to monitor genomic changes in oak trees since the Little Ice Age (LIA). Allelic frequency changes were assessed from whole-genome pooled sequences for four age-structured cohorts of sessile oak ( Quercus petraea ) dating back to 1680, in each of three different oak forests in France. The genetic covariances of allelic frequency changes increased between successive time periods, highlighting genome-wide effects of linked selection. We found imprints of convergent linked selection in the three forests during the late LIA, and a shift of selection during more recent time periods. The changes in allelic covariances within and between forests mirrored the documented changes in the occurrence of extreme events (droughts and frosts) over the last three hundred years. The genomic regions with the highest covariances were enriched in genes involved in plant responses to pathogens and abiotic stresses (temperature and drought). These responses are consistent with the reported sequence of frost (or drought) and disease damage ultimately leading to the oak dieback after extreme events. Our results therefore provide evidence of selection operating on long-lived species during recent climatic changes.
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Preprints, Working Papers, ...
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03275582
Contributor : Jean-Charles Leple Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, July 1, 2021 - 12:01:27 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 23, 2021 - 9:34:02 AM

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Dounia Saleh, Jun Chen, Jean-Charles Leplé, Thibault Leroy, Laura Truffaut, et al.. Genome-wide evolutionary response of European oaks since the Little Ice Age. 2021. ⟨hal-03275582⟩

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