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Coastal and Continental Morphodynamics laboratory


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The "Coastal and Continental Morphodynamics" laboratory (M2C) is a Joint Research Unit (UMR 6143) created in 1996, under the supervision of the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), the university of Caen Normandie (UNICAEN) and the university of Rouen Normandy (URN). The staff of the laboratory includes 86 persons: 37 researchers, 21 engineers and technicians, 28 PhD students. The research of the M2C laboratory focuses on the characterization and modeling of natural processes dynamics in different compartments along the LAND-SEA continuum, at different scales of time and space. The research is organized into 5 themes::
  • Water and sediment cycles in watersheds;
  • Macrotidal estuarine environment: hydrodynamics interactions, sedimentology, biochemistry;
  • Dynamics of the coastline and of the internal platform;
  • Morphological evolution of coastal watersheds in response to climatic and tectonic forcing since the late Cenozoic;
  • Hydrodynamics, sediments and structures: Processes and interactions.

 

This research is carried out with an interdisciplinary approach integrating researchers specialized in mechanics, geosciences, oceanography, hydrology, microbiology and ecology of organisms. Our research combines in-situ measurements with numerous dedicated equipment, experimental approaches and numerical moodeling.

Number of records

1 166

 


Evolution of records

 

Last publications

[hal-02931617] A spatial food web model to investigate potential spillover effects of a fishery closure in an offshore wind farm

 (09/09/2020)  
There is a growing interest in the development of offshore wind farms to provide a sustainable source of renewable energy and contribute to the reduction of carbon emissions. In parallel, there is a need to better understand the effects of these installations on coastal marine ecosystems and identify potential sea use conflicts, especially when the area is subject to access restrictions. This study investigated the effects of a spatial closure during the exploitation phase of an offshore wind farm in the extended Bay of Seine (English Channel, France) using Ecospace, a spatially and temporally explicit module of Ecopath with Ecosim. To address this question, simulations were conducted through the evaluation of “what-if scenarios” to assess the effectiveness of a fishing exclusion zone inside and surrounding the offshore wind farm. Several biomass, catch and trophic level-based indicators were calculated to evaluate how the exclusion zone could affect fishing activities and main components of the food web. All the indicators were estimated in the extended Bay of Seine and summarized by sub-area. Findings suggested that the spillover effect could mitigate the negative impact of access loss on fishing activities, in a scenario of simulated closure of the area of the wind farm. The Ecospace model predicted an increase of catches (up to 7% near the wind farm) and a slight increase in the proportion of high trophic level species. However, the influence of spillover effects is limited in space and the expected increase of biomass and catches are highly localized in areas around the offshore wind farm installations. At the scale of the Bay of Seine, further analysis of the spillover effects revealed a spatial pattern and suggested that the implementation of an exclusion zone inside the offshore wind farm could concentrate highly mobile predators.

[insu-02524019] Global karst springs hydrograph dataset for research and management of the world’s fastest-flowing groundwater

 (23/09/2020)  

[hal-02916254] Long-term spatio-temporal changes of the muddy fine sand benthic community of the Bay of Seine (eastern English Channel)

 (19/08/2020)  

[hal-02891616] A new in-field indicator to assess the impact of land management on soil carbon dynamics

 (16/09/2020)  

[hal-02874549] Benthic foraminifera to assess ecological quality statuses: The case of salmon fish farming

 (23/06/2020)  

[hal-02891653] The Rock-Eval® signature of soil organic carbon in arenosols of the Senegalese groundnut basin. How do agricultural practices matter?

 (16/09/2020)  

[hal-02889974] An open-source framework to model present and future marine species distributions at local scale

 (08/07/2020)  

[hal-02876676] Introduction: special issue on New insights on tidal dynamicand tidal energy harvesting in the Alderney Race

 (07/09/2020)  

[hal-02876681] Numerical modelling of hydrodynamics and tidal energy extraction in the Alderney Race: a review

 (07/09/2020)  

[hal-02876678] One year of measurements in Alderney Race: preliminary results from database analysis

 (07/09/2020)  

 

 

International collaboration (co-authors)

 

 

M2C lab. in Caen

Morphodynamique Continentale et Côtière
Université de Caen Normandie (Campus 1)
24 rue des Tilleuls
14000 Caen Cedex

M2C lab. in Rouen

Morphodynamique Continentale et Côtière
Université de Rouen Normandie (bâtiment Blondel Nord)
Place Emile Blondel
76821 Mont-Saint-Aignan Cedex