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Multi-biomarker approach in wild European bullhead, Cottus sp., exposed to agricultural and urban environmental pressures : practical recommendations for experimental design

Abstract : In freshwater ecosystems, a large number of chemical substances are able to disturb homeostasis of fish by modulating one or more physiological functions including the immune system. The aim of this study was to assess multi-biomarker responses including immunotoxicity induced by urban and agricultural pressure in European bullheads living in a small French river basin. For this purpose, a set of biochemical, immunological, physiological and histological parameters was measured in wild bullheads from five locations characterized by various environmental pressures. Moreover, to address effects of physiological status and contamination level variation on biomarker responses, fish were sampled during three periods (April, July and October). Results revealed a clear impact of environmental pressure on fish health and particularly on immunological status. An increase of EROD activity was recorded between upstream and downstream sites. Upstream sites were also characterized by neurotoxicological effects. Fish exhibited up stream/downstream variations of immunological status but strong differences were observed according to sampling season. Conversely, regarding biochemical and immunological effects, no significant response of physiological indexes was recorded related to environmental pressures. According to these results, the European bullhead appears as a valuable model fish species to assess adverse effects in wildlife due to urban and agricultural pressures.
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Sabrina Jolly, Anne Bado-Nilles, Florent Lamand, Cyril Turies, Edith Chadili, et al.. Multi-biomarker approach in wild European bullhead, Cottus sp., exposed to agricultural and urban environmental pressures : practical recommendations for experimental design. Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2012, 87 (7), pp.675-683. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.12.055⟩. ⟨ineris-00961775⟩

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