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The emissions of gases from abandoned mines : role of atmospheric pressure changes and air temperature on the surface

Abstract : Intrinsic parameters influence abandoned mine gas emissions. Independent of the presence or not of noxious gas in mine voids, meteorological factors influenced directly the gas outflow or inflow. Measurement stations were installed in the exits located in abandoned mines of the iron Lorraine basin, the Lorraine and the north east France coal basins to enhance the gas flow behaviour. Closure methods of the mines and exits from the abandoned mines are quite different. For the first, shafts are associated with adits. Some of them are closed with bars to avoid people entrance into abandoned mine workings, but gas flow is enabled. For the second, there are essentially shafts which are secured. Some of them are equipped with a vent to enable outflow of the mine gas in specific conditions. Mine gas parameters were measured. Besides, external parameters like temperature and atmospheric pressure were monitored. Gas flow can be influenced mainly by the temperature difference between external atmosphere and mine workings (in iron mines, which can be considered as an open system) while atmospheric pressure influences gas flow in the coal mines, which can be considered as closed systems. Modelling has confirmed the differential pressure value measured that exceeds friction losses.
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Candice Lagny. The emissions of gases from abandoned mines : role of atmospheric pressure changes and air temperature on the surface. Environmental Earth Sciences, Springer, 2014, 71 (2), pp.923-929. ⟨10.1007/s12665-013-2495-8⟩. ⟨ineris-00961816⟩

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