R. Amodio-cocchieri, D. Prete, U. Cirillo, T. Agozzino, E. Scarano et al., -MUCONIC ACID ASSAY, Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A, vol.63, issue.2, pp.79-87, 2001.
DOI : 10.1080/15287390151126388

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00598954

S. Araki, H. Aono, K. Yokoyama, and K. Murata, Filterable Plasma Concentration, Glomerular Filtration, Tubular Balance, and Renal Clearance of Heavy Metals and Organic Substances in Metal Workers, Archives of Environmental Health: An International Journal, vol.21, issue.4, pp.216-221, 1986.
DOI : 10.1159/000181958

M. Bates, N. Gonzalez-fleska, V. Cocheo, and R. Sokhi, Ambient Volatile Organic Compound Monitoring by Diffusive Sampling. Compatibility of High Uptake Rate Samplers With Thermal Desorption???, The Analyst, vol.122, issue.12, pp.1481-1484, 1997.
DOI : 10.1039/a705610i

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ineris-00962699

E. Bergamaschi, A. Brustolin, D. Palma, G. Manini, P. Mozzoni et al., Biomarkers of dose and susceptibility in cyclists exposed to monoaromatic hydrocarbons, Toxicology Letters, vol.108, issue.2-3, pp.241-247, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0378-4274(99)00095-8

M. Boeniger, L. Lowry, and J. Rosenberg, INTERPRETATION OF URINE RESULTS USED TO ASSESS CHEMICAL EXPOSURE WITH EMPHASIS ON CREATININE ADJUSTMENTS: A REVIEW, American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, vol.54, issue.10, pp.615-627, 1993.
DOI : 10.1080/15298669391355134

A. Decaprio, The Toxicology of Hydroquinone ??? Relevance to Occupational and Environmental Exposure, Critical Reviews in Toxicology, vol.105, issue.3, pp.283-330, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/0041-008X(79)90441-1

F. Dor, W. Dab, P. Empereur-bissonnet, and D. Zmirou, Validity of biomarkers in enviromental health studies : The case of PAHs and benzene, Crit Rev Toxicol, vol.28, issue.2, pp.69-80, 1999.

P. Ducos, R. Gaudin, A. Robert, J. Francin, and C. Maire, Improvement in HPLC analysis of urinary trans, trans-muconic acid, a promising substitute for phenol in the assessment of benzene exposure, International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, vol.18, issue.7, pp.529-534, 1990.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00381185

D. Eastmond, M. Smith, and R. Irons, An interaction of benzene metabolites reproduces the myelotoxicity observed with benzene exposure, Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, vol.91, issue.1, pp.85-95, 1987.
DOI : 10.1016/0041-008X(87)90196-7

F. Gobba, S. Rovesti, P. Borella, R. Vivoli, E. Caselgrandi et al., Inter-individual variability of benzene metabolism to trans,trans-muconic acid and its implications in the biological monitoring of occupational exposure, Science of The Total Environment, vol.199, issue.1-2, pp.41-48, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0048-9697(97)05480-6

N. Gonzalez-flesca, M. Bates, V. Delmas, and V. Cocheo, Benzene Exposure Assessment at Indoor, Outdoor and Personal Levels. The French Contribution to the Life Macbeth Programme, Environ Monit Assess, vol.65, pp.59-67, 2000.
DOI : 10.1007/978-94-010-0932-4_7

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ineris-00962772

G. Greenberg and R. Levine, Urinary Creatinine Excretion Is not Stable: A New Method for Assessing Urinary Toxic Substance Concentrations, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol.31, issue.10, pp.832-838, 1989.
DOI : 10.1097/00043764-198910000-00008

M. Isabell, J. Ricker, M. Gordian, and L. Duffy, Use of biomarkers in an indoor air study: lack of correlation between aromatic VOCs with respective urinary biomarkers, Science of The Total Environment, vol.241, issue.1-3, pp.151-159, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0048-9697(99)00343-5

E. Johnson and G. Lucier, Perspectives on risk assessment impact of recent reports on benzene, American Journal of Industrial Medicine, vol.44, issue.5
DOI : 10.1002/ajim.4700210513

B. Lee, A. New, P. Kok, H. Ong, C. Shi et al., Urinary trans,trans-muconic acid determined by liquid chromatography: application in biological monitoring of benzene exposure, Clin Chem, vol.39, issue.9, pp.1788-1792, 1993.

B. Lee, H. Ong, C. Shi, and C. Ong, Simultaneous determination of hydroquinone, catechol and phenol in urine using high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorimetric detection, Journal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications, vol.619, issue.2, pp.259-266, 1993.
DOI : 10.1016/0378-4347(93)80115-K

T. Mcdonald, N. Holland, C. Skibola, P. Duramad, and M. Smith, Hypothesis: Phenol and hydroquinone derived mainly from diet and gastrointestinal flora activity are causal factors in leukemia, Leukemia, vol.15, issue.1, pp.10-20, 2001.
DOI : 10.1038/sj.leu.2401981

C. Ong, P. Kok, H. Ong, C. Shi, B. Lee et al., Biomarkers of exposure to low concentrations of benzene: a field assessment., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol.53, issue.5, pp.328-333, 1996.
DOI : 10.1136/oem.53.5.328

C. Ong and B. Lee, Determination of benzene and its metabolites: Application in biological monitoring of environmental and occupational exposure to benzene, Journal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications, vol.660, issue.1, pp.1-22, 1994.
DOI : 10.1016/0378-4347(94)00278-9

C. Ong, B. Lee, C. Shi, H. Ong, and H. Lee, Elevated levels of benzene-related compounds in the urine of cigarette smokers, International Journal of Cancer, vol.240, issue.2, pp.177-180, 1994.
DOI : 10.1002/ijc.2910590206

G. Pezzagno and L. Maestri, The Specificity of trans,trans- Muconic Acid as a Biological Indicator for Low Levels of Environmental Benzene, Indoor and Built Environment, vol.6, issue.1, pp.12-18, 1997.
DOI : 10.1177/1420326X9700600103

G. Pezzagno, L. Maestri, and M. Fiorentino, Trans,Trans-muconic acid, a biological indicator to low levels of environmental benzene: Some aspects of its specificity, American Journal of Industrial Medicine, vol.48, issue.5, pp.511-518, 1999.
DOI : 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0274(199905)35:5<511::AID-AJIM8>3.0.CO;2-Y

Q. Qu, A. Melikian, G. Li, R. Shore, L. Chen et al., Validation of biomarkers in humans exposed to benzene: Urine metabolites, American Journal of Industrial Medicine, vol.48, issue.5, pp.522-531, 2000.
DOI : 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0274(200005)37:5<522::AID-AJIM8>3.0.CO;2-G

O. Raaschou-nielsen, C. Lohse, B. Thomsen, H. Skov, and J. Olsen, Ambient Air Levels and the Exposure of Children to Benzene, Toluene, and Xylenes in Denmark, Environmental Research, vol.75, issue.2, pp.149-159, 1997.
DOI : 10.1006/enrs.1997.3792

T. Renner, M. Baer-koetzle, and G. Scherer, Determination of sorbic acid in urine by gas chromatography???mass spectrometry, Journal of Chromatography A, vol.847, issue.1-2, pp.127-133, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9673(98)01035-8

N. Rothman, W. Bechtold, S. Yin, M. Dosemeci, G. Li et al., Urinary excretion of phenol, catechol, hydroquinone, and muconic acid by workers occupationally exposed to benzene, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol.55, issue.10, pp.705-711, 1998.
DOI : 10.1136/oem.55.10.705

T. Ruppert, G. Scherer, A. Tricker, and F. Adlkofer, trans,trans -Muconic acid as a biomarker of non-occupational environmental exposure to benzene, International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, vol.69, issue.4, pp.247-251, 1997.
DOI : 10.1007/s004200050143

G. Sanguinetti, A. Accorsi, A. Barbieri, G. Raffi, and F. Violante, Failure of urinary trans,transmuconic acid as a biomarker for indoor environmental benzene exposure at ppb levels

G. Scherer, T. Renner, and M. Meger, Analysis and evaluation of trans,trans-muconic acid as a biomarker for benzene exposure, Journal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications, vol.717, issue.1-2, pp.179-199, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0378-4347(98)00065-6

P. Verger, M. Chambolle, P. Babayou, L. Breton, S. Volatier et al., Estimation of the distribution of the maximum theoretical intake for ten additives in France, Food Additives and Contaminants, vol.13, issue.7, pp.759-766, 1998.
DOI : 10.1007/BF01027172

L. Wallace, The exposure of the general population to benzene, Cell Biology and Toxicology, vol.18, issue.1???4, pp.297-314, 1989.
DOI : 10.1007/BF01795358

V. Weaver, T. Buckley, and J. Groopman, Lack of specificity of trans,trans-muconic acid as a benzene biomarker after ingestion of sorbic acid-preserved foods, Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, vol.9, issue.7, pp.749-755, 2000.

V. Weaver, C. Davoli, P. Heller, A. Fitzwilliam, H. Peters et al., Benzene exposure, assessed by urinary trans, p.22

G. Witz, T. Kirley, W. Maniara, V. Mylavarapu, and B. Goldstein, The Metabolism of Benzene to Muconic Acid, a Potential Biological Marker of Benzene Exposure, Adv Exp Med Biol, vol.283, pp.613-618, 1991.
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4684-5877-0_77