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On-line determination of nanometric and sub-micrometric particle physicochemical characteristics using spectral imaging-aided Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy coupled with a Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer

Abstract : Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy has been employed to detect sodium chloride and metallic particles with sizes ranging from 40 nm up to 1 µm produced by two different particle generators. The Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy technique combined with a Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer was evaluated as a potential candidate for workplace surveillance in industries producing nanoparticle-based materials. Though research is still currently under way to secure nanoparticle production processes, the risk of accidental release is not to be neglected. Consequently, there is an urgent need for the manufacturers to have at their command a tool enabling leak detection in-situ and in real time so as to protect workers from potential exposure. In this context, experiments dedicated to laser-induced plasma particle interaction were performed. To begin with, spectral images of the laser-induced plasma vaporizing particles were recorded to visualize the spatio-temporal evolution of the atomized matter and to infer the best recording parameters for Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy analytical purposes, taking into account our experimental set-up specificity. Then, on this basis, time-resolved spectroscopic measurements were performed to make a first assumption of the Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy potentialities. Particle size dependency on the LIBS signal was examined. Repeatability and limits of detection were assessed and discussed. All the experiments carried out with low particle concentrations point out the high time delays corresponding to the Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy signal emergence. Plasma temperature temporal evolution was found to be a key parameter to explain this peculiarity inherent to laser / plasma / particle interaction.
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Tanguy Amodeo, Christophe Dutouquet, Olivier Le Bihan, Michel Attoui, Emeric Frejafon. On-line determination of nanometric and sub-micrometric particle physicochemical characteristics using spectral imaging-aided Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy coupled with a Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer. Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Elsevier, 2009, 64 (10), pp.1141-1152. ⟨10.1016/j.sab.2009.07.031⟩. ⟨ineris-00961943⟩

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