Anti-benzo[a]pyrene diolepoxide-DNA adduct levels in peripheral mononuclear cells from coke oven workers and the enhancing effect of smoking

Abstract : The level of (+/-)-r-7,t-8-dihydroxy-t-9,10-oxy-7,8,9,10- tetrahydrobenzo[a]pyrene (anti-BPDE) bound to DNA of lymphocytes plus monocytes in 39 coke oven workers exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and 39 non-exposed persons (controls) were investigated, each of the groups consisting of smokers and non-smokers. The adduct level was measured by an improved HPLC/fluorescence method (Rojas, M., Alexandrov, K., van Schooten, F.J., Hillebrand, M., Kriek, E. and Bartsch,H., Carcinogenesis, 15, 557-560, 1994) through the release of the corresponding benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) tetrols. The anti-BPDE-DNA adduct was detected in 51% of coke oven workers exposed to PAH and in 18% of the non-exposed (control) subjects. The mean level of anti-BPDE-DNA adducts/10(8) nucleotides in coke oven workers (15.7 +/- 37.8) was similar to 8 times higher than in non-exposed subjects (2.0 +/- 8.7), The interindividual variation of adduct levels was similar to 100-fold in coke oven workers and similar to 50-fold in controls respectively, Smokers in the exposed group had 3.5 times more DNA adducts than non-smokers. With the exception of one non-smoker with very high adduct levels (52.8 adducts/10(8)), the control subjects showed the presence of barely detectable adducts in only 16% of the samples examined. The increased in vivo formation in some smokers and high variability of anti-BPDE-DNA adducts in coke oven workers suggests variations in genetically controlled activation/inactivation reactions of PAH metabolism.
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Margarita Rojas, Kroum Alexandrov, Guy Auburtin, Agnès Wastiaux-Denameur, Lucienne Mayer, et al.. Anti-benzo[a]pyrene diolepoxide-DNA adduct levels in peripheral mononuclear cells from coke oven workers and the enhancing effect of smoking. Carcinogenesis, Oxford University Press (OUP), 1995, 16 (6), pp.1373-1376. ⟨10.1093/carcin/16.6.1373⟩. ⟨ineris-00962617⟩

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