Screening blood donations for hepatitis C in Central Africa : Analysis of a risk- and cost- based decision tree

Abstract : Four screening strategies (no testing, HC Abbott, HC Pasteur, and a combined test) for the detection of hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody in donated blood were considered ina formal decision tree. Decision criteria included residual risk of infection and overall monetary cost. Tree parameters were determined using data from the Central African Republic. The prevalences observed among blood donors for HIV infection, hepatitis B, syphilis, and hepatitis C varied between 6% and 15%. The current residual risk of transfusion-transmitted infections is very high (8.4%). Screening for HCV would bring that risk down to about 3% with either the HC Pasteur, the HC Abbott, or the combined test. Even though baseline analysis gives preference to the HC Abbott test (the combined test coming out last), Monte Carte sensitivity and uncertainty analyses showed that Abbott's and Pasteur's tests are interchangeable, on the basis or either risk or cost considerations
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal-ineris.archives-ouvertes.fr/ineris-00962760
Contributor : Gestionnaire Civs <>
Submitted on : Friday, March 21, 2014 - 1:48:21 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 21, 2014 - 1:48:21 PM

Links full text

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Nicole Cancre, Frédéric Y. Bois, Gérard Gresenguet, Catherine Fretz, Jean-Jacques Fournel, et al.. Screening blood donations for hepatitis C in Central Africa : Analysis of a risk- and cost- based decision tree. Medical Decision Making, SAGE Publications, 1999, 19 (3), pp.296-306. ⟨10.1177/0272989X9901900308⟩. ⟨ineris-00962760⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

143