An investigation of the adsorption of C5-C12 hydrocarbons in the ppmv and ppbv ranges on carbotrap B

Abstract : The effects of concentration and temperature on the breakthrough volumes (V-b) Of 23 volatile organic compounds on Carbotrap B have been determined using the frontal chromatography method. From the measured V-b, Original isotherms have been produced and adsorption parameters based on the Langmuir, Freundlich, and Dubinin-Polyani adsorption models have been calculated. The calculated adsorption parameters describe the behavior of these VOC on Carbotrap B under the experimental conditions and are useful data for VOC sampling applications including adsorption modeling of pumped and diffusive sampling. Each of the adsorption models give similar results and are in good agreement with the experimental data in the ppmv concentration range. It will be shown that contrary to previous assumptions the Langmuir adsorption parameters obtained at ppmv concentrations cannot he used to predict l/b at ppbv concentrations and the calculated parameter m(max) does not represent the maximum adsorbent capacity. The Freundlich and Dubinin-Polyani models are shown to be more successful in describing the adsorption behavior of the VOC at ppbv levels where V-b is independent of concentration. The isosteric heats of adsorption (-DeltaH(st)) for some of the compounds have been determined using the Van't Hoff equation which can be used to predict the effect of temperature on V-b.
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Paul Foley, Norbert Gonzalez-Flesca, Isabelle Zdanevitch, John Corish. An investigation of the adsorption of C5-C12 hydrocarbons in the ppmv and ppbv ranges on carbotrap B. Environmental Science & Technology, American Chemical Society, 2001, 35 (8), pp.1671-1679. ⟨10.1021/es000182x⟩. ⟨ineris-00962789⟩

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