Genetic and dietary factors affecting human metabolism of 1, 3-butadiene

Abstract : The objective of this project was to determine the factors associated with differences in butadiene (BD) inhalation uptake and the rate of metabolism for BID to epoxy butene by monitoring exhaled breath during and after a brief exposure to BID in human volunteers. A total of 133 subjects (equal males and females; four racial groups) provided final data. Volunteers gave informed consent and completed a questionnaire including diet and alcohol use. A venous blood sample was collected for genotyping CYP2E1. Subjects received a 20 min exposure to 2.0 ppm of BID, followed by a 40 min washout period. The total administered dose was 0.6 ppm*h. which is in the range of everyday exposures. Ten, 1 or 2 min exhaled breath samples (five during and five after exposure) were collected using an optimized strategy. BD was determined by GC-FID analysis. Breathing activity (minute ventilation, breath frequency and tidal volume) was measured to estimate alveolar ventilation. After the washout period, 250 mg of chlorzoxazone were administered and urine samples collected for 6 h to measure 2E1 phenotype. The total BID uptake during exposure (inhaled BID minus exhaled) was estimated. A three-compartment PBPK model was fitted to each subject's breath measurements to estimate personal and population model parameters. including in-vivo BD metabolic rate. A hierarchical Bayesian PBPK model was fit by Monte Carlo simulations to estimate model parameters. Regression and ANOVA analyses were performed. Earlier data analysis showed wide ranges for both total uptake BD and metabolic rate. Both varied significantly by sex and age, and showed suggestive differences by race, with Asians having the highest rates. The analyses reported here found no correlation between total BID uptake and metabolic rate. No significant differences were found for oxidation rates by 2E1 genotype or phenotype, but the rates showed trends consistent with reported differences by genotype and phenotype for chlorzoxazone metabolism. No effects on metabolic rate were observed for long-term alcohol consumption, or consumption in the past 24 h. Overall, neither dietary factors nor genetic differences explained much of the wide variability in metabolic rates. Population characteristics, age, sex, and race, were the most important explanatory variables, but a large fraction of the total variability in metabolism remains to be explained.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 21, 2014 - 1:48:47 PM
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Thomas J. Smith, Yu-Sheng Lin, Maura Mezzetti, Frédéric Y. Bois, Karl Kelsey, et al.. Genetic and dietary factors affecting human metabolism of 1, 3-butadiene. Chemico-Biological Interactions, Elsevier, 2001, 135-136 (1), pp.407-428. ⟨10.1016/S0009-2797(01)00180-6⟩. ⟨ineris-00962801⟩

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