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Ventilatory response to a hyperoxic test is related to the frequency of short apneic episodes in late preterm Neonates

Abstract : Chemoreception is frequently involved in the processes underlying apnea in premature infants. Apnea could result from a decrease in carotid body effectiveness. However, increased carotid body activity could also initiate apnea through hypocapnia following hyperventilation when the receptors are stimulated. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between carotid body effectiveness and short apneic episodes in older preterm neonates. Carotid body effectiveness was assessed at thermoneutrality in 36 premature neonates (2.07 +/- 0.26 kg) by performing a 30-s hyperoxic test during sleep, the oxygen inhalation involving a ventilation decrease. Blood O-2 saturation (Sp(o2)) and ventilatory parameters were monitored before and during the hyperoxic test. Short episodes of apnea (frequency and mean duration) were recorded during the morning's 3-h interfeeding interval. Pretest SRo2 was not related to any of the measured respiratory parameters. A higher frequency of short apneic episodes was linked to a greater ventilation decrease in response to the hyperoxic test (p = -0.32; p = 0.01). Increased carotid body response is correlated with greater apneic episodes frequency, even in the absence of concomitant oxygen desaturation. Fetal or early postnatal hypoxemia could have increased peripheral chemoreceptor activity, which could initiate a "overshoot/undershoot" situation, which in turn could induce a critical P-o2/P-co2 combination and apnea
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Submitted on : Friday, March 21, 2014 - 2:12:18 PM
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Virginie Cardot, Karen Chardon, Pierre Tourneux, Sandrine Micallef, Erwan Stephan, et al.. Ventilatory response to a hyperoxic test is related to the frequency of short apneic episodes in late preterm Neonates. Pediatric Research, Nature Publishing Group, 2007, 62 (5), pp.591-596. ⟨10.1203/PDR.0b013e318155868e⟩. ⟨ineris-00963093⟩



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