Long-term follow-up of lung biodistribution and effect of instilled SWCNTs using multiscale imaging techniques

Abstract : Due to their distinctive properties, single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are being more and more extensively used in nanotechnology, with prospects in nanomedicine. It would therefore appear essential to develop and apply appropriate imaging tools for detecting and evaluating their biological impacts with the prospect of medical applications or in the situation of accidental occupational exposure. It has been shown recently that raw SWCNTs with metallic impurities can be noninvasively detected in the lungs by hyperpolarized (3)helium (HP-He-3) MRI. Moreover raw and purified SWCNTs had no acute biological effect. The purpose of the present longitudinal study was to investigate long-term follow-up by imaging, as well as chronic lung effects. In a 3-month follow-up study, multiscale imaging techniques combining noninvasive HP-He-3 and proton (H) MRI to ex vivo light (histopathological analysis) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to assess the biodistribution and biological effects of intrapulmonary instilled raw SWCNTs. Specific in vivo detection of carbon nanotubes with MRI relied on their intrinsic metal impurities. MRI also has the ability to evaluate tissue inflammation by the follow-up of local changes in signal intensity. MRI and ex vivo microscopy techniques showed that granulomatous and inflammatory reactions were produced in a time and dose dependent manner by instilled raw SWCNTs.
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Achraf Al Faraj, Amine Bessaad, Katarzyna Cieslar, Ghislaine Lacroix, Emmanuelle Canet-Soulas, et al.. Long-term follow-up of lung biodistribution and effect of instilled SWCNTs using multiscale imaging techniques. Nanotechnology, Institute of Physics, 2010, 21 (17), pp.art 175103. ⟨10.1088/0957-4484/21/17/175103⟩. ⟨ineris-00963235⟩

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