Evaluation of the OECD QSAR application toolbox and toxtree for estimating the mutagenicity of chemicals Part 1 Aromatic amines

Abstract : The Ames Salmonella typhimurium mutagenicity assay is a short-term bacterial reverse mutation test that was designed to detect mutagens. For several decades, it has been used in research laboratories and by regulatory agencies throughout the world for the detection and characterization of potential mutagens among natural products and man-made chemicals. Faced with the ever-growing number of chemicals available on the market, congeneric and non-congeneric (Q)SAR models have been designed from Ames test results obtained on specific S. typhimurium strains such as TA 100 or TA 98. Such models have great potential for a quick and cheap identification and classification of large numbers of potential chemical mutagens. The OECD QSAR Application Toolbox and Toxtree, which were developed for facilitating the practical use of (Q)SAR approaches in regulatory contexts, include two mechanistic SAR models for predicting the mutagenicity of aromatic amines and - unsaturated aliphatic aldehydes. The aim of this study was to estimate the interest and limitations of the former model. The model was first re-computed to check its transparency and to verify its statistical validity. Then, it was tested on about 150 chemicals not previously used for the design of the model but belonging to its domain of application. A critical analysis of the results was performed and proposals were made for increasing the model performances.
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James Devillers, Enrico Mombelli. Evaluation of the OECD QSAR application toolbox and toxtree for estimating the mutagenicity of chemicals Part 1 Aromatic amines. SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research, Taylor & Francis, 2010, 21 (7-8), pp.753-769. ⟨10.1080/1062936X.2010.528959⟩. ⟨ineris-00963254⟩

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