K. Tiede, A. Boxall, S. Tear, J. Lewis, H. David et al., Detection and characterization of engineered nanoparticles in food and the environment, Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A, vol.25, issue.7, pp.795-821, 2008.
DOI : 10.1080/02652030802007553

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00577384

W. Liu, Nanoparticles and their biological and environmental applications, Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, vol.102, issue.1, pp.1-7, 2006.
DOI : 10.1263/jbb.102.1

A. Keller, H. Wang, D. Zhou, H. Lenihan, G. Cherr et al., Stability and Aggregation of Metal Oxide Nanoparticles in Natural Aqueous Matrices, Stability and Aggregation of Metal Oxide Nanoparticles in Natural Aqueous Matrices, pp.1962-67, 2010.
DOI : 10.1021/es902987d

R. Domingos, M. Baalousha, Y. Ju-nam, M. Reid, N. Tufankji et al., Characterizing Manufactured Nanoparticles in the Environment: Multimethod Determination of Particle Sizes, Environmental Science & Technology, vol.43, issue.19, pp.7277-84, 2009.
DOI : 10.1021/es900249m

R. French, A. Jacobson, B. Kim, S. Isley, R. Penn et al., Influence of Ionic Strength, pH, and Cation Valence on Aggregation Kinetics of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles, Environmental Science & Technology, vol.43, issue.5, pp.1354-59, 2009.
DOI : 10.1021/es802628n

S. Klaine, P. Alvarez, G. Batley, T. Fernandes, R. Handy et al., NANOMATERIALS IN THE ENVIRONMENT: BEHAVIOR, FATE, BIOAVAILABILITY, AND EFFECTS, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol.27, issue.9, pp.1101-1110, 2009.
DOI : 10.1897/08-090.1

R. Handy, T. Henry, T. Scown, B. Johnston, and C. Tyler, Manufactured nanoparticles: their uptake and effects on fish???a mechanistic analysis, Ecotoxicology, vol.26, issue.16, pp.396-409, 2008.
DOI : 10.1007/s10646-008-0205-1

E. Oberdörster, S. Zhu, T. Blickley, P. Mcclellan-green, and M. Haasch, Ecotoxicology of carbon-based engineered nanoparticles: Effects of fullerene (C60) on aquatic organisms, Carbon, vol.44, issue.6, pp.1112-1132, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.carbon.2005.11.008

S. Zhu, E. Oberdörster, and M. Haasch, Toxicity of an engineered nanoparticle (fullerene, C60) in two aquatic species, Daphnia and fathead minnow, Marine Environmental Research, vol.62, pp.62-67, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.marenvres.2006.04.059

S. Brar, M. Verma, R. Tyagi, and R. Surampalli, Engineered nanoparticles in wastewater and wastewater sludge ? Evidence and impacts. Waste Manage, pp.504-520, 2010.

I. Velzeboer, A. Hendriks, A. Ragas, and D. Van-de-meent, AQUATIC ECOTOXICITY TESTS OF SOME NANOMATERIALS, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol.27, issue.9, pp.1942-1989, 2008.
DOI : 10.1897/07-509.1

J. Dubochet, M. Groom, and S. Mueller-neuteboom, The Mounting of Macromolecules for Electron Microscopy with particular reference to surface phenomena and the treatment of support films by Glow Discharge, Adv. Opt. Electron Microsc, vol.8, pp.107-135, 1982.

E. Vindimian, MSExcel macro REGTOX_EV7.0.5.xls, 2005.

J. Fang, X. Shan, B. Wen, J. Lin, and G. Owens, Stability of titania nanoparticles in soil suspensions and transport in saturated homogeneous soil columns, Environmental Pollution, vol.157, issue.4, pp.1101-1110, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.envpol.2008.11.006

T. Tadros, Colloid Stability: the Role of Surface Forces Part I, 2007.

P. Christian, V. Der-kammer, F. Baalousha, M. Hofmann, and T. , Nanoparticles: structure, properties, preparation and behaviour in environmental media, Ecotoxicology, vol.385, issue.10, pp.326-343, 2008.
DOI : 10.1007/s10646-008-0213-1

B. Johnson, T. Scown, J. Moger, S. Cumberland, M. Baalousha et al., , and ZnO to Fish, Bioavailability of Nanoscale Metal Oxides TiO 2 , CeO 2 , and ZnO to Fish, pp.1144-51, 2010.
DOI : 10.1021/es901971a

K. Chen and M. Elimelech, Influence of humic acid on the aggregation kinetics of fullerene (C60) nanoparticles in monovalent and divalent electrolyte solutions, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol.309, issue.1, pp.126-134, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jcis.2007.01.074

J. Lead, D. Muirhead, and C. Gibson, Characterization of Freshwater Natural Aquatic Colloids by Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), Environmental Science & Technology, vol.39, issue.18, pp.6930-6966, 2005.
DOI : 10.1021/es050386j

M. Baalousha and J. Lead, Size fractionation and characterization of natural aquatic colloids and nanoparticles, Science of The Total Environment, vol.386, issue.1-3, pp.93-102, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.05.039

M. Baalousha, A. Manciulea, S. Cumberland, K. Kendall, and J. Lead, AGGREGATION AND SURFACE PROPERTIES OF IRON OXIDE NANOPARTICLES: INFLUENCE OF pH AND NATURAL ORGANIC MATTER, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol.27, issue.9, pp.1875-82, 2008.
DOI : 10.1897/07-559.1

H. Hyung, J. Fortner, H. Hughes, and A. Hongkim, Natural Organic Matter Stabilizes Carbon Nanotubes in the Aqueous Phase, Environmental Science & Technology, vol.41, issue.1, pp.179-184, 2007.
DOI : 10.1021/es061817g

S. Lee, S. Kim, and J. Choi, Genotoxicity and ecotoxicity assays using the freshwater crustacean Daphnia magna and the larva of the aquatic midge Chironomus riparius to screen the ecological risks of nanoparticle exposure, Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, vol.28, issue.1, pp.86-91, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.etap.2009.03.001

I. Rodea-palomares, K. Boltes, F. Fernandez-pinas, F. Leganés, E. Garcia-calvo et al., Physicochemical characterization and ecotoxicological assessment of CeO 2 nanoparticles using two aquatic microorganisms, kfq311 Nanosafe2010: International Conference on Safe Production and Use of Nanomaterials IOP Publishing Journal of Physics, p.12058, 2010.