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Impact of meteorology on air quality modeling over the Po valley in northern Italy

Abstract : A series of sensitivity tests has been performed using both a mesoscale meteorological model (MM5) and a chemical transport model (CHIMERE) to better understand the reasons why all models underestimate particulate matter concentrations in the Po valley in winter. Different options are explored to nudge meteorological observations from regulatory networks into MM5 in order to improve model performances, especially during the low wind speed regimes frequently present in this area. The sensitivity of the CHIMERE modeled particulate matter concentrations to these different meteorological inputs are then evaluated for the January 2005 time period. A further analysis of the CHIMERE model results revealed the need of improving the parametrization of the in-cloud scavenging and vertical diffusivity schemes; such modifications are relevant especially when the model is applied under mist, fog and low stratus conditions, which frequently occur in the Po valley during winter. The sensitivity of modeled particulate matter concentrations to turbulence parameters, wind, temperature and cloud liquid water content in one of the most polluted and complex areas in Europe is finally discussed.
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Denise Pernigotti, Emilia Georgieva, Philippe Thunis, Bertrand Bessagnet. Impact of meteorology on air quality modeling over the Po valley in northern Italy. Atmospheric environment, Elsevier, 2012, 51, pp.303-310. ⟨10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.12.059⟩. ⟨ineris-00963368⟩



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