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Explosion risks from nanomaterials

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Abstract

Emerging nanomanufactured products are being incorporated in a variety of consumer products ranging from closer body contact products (i.e. cosmetics, sunscreens, toothpastes, pharmaceuticals, clothing) to more remote body-contact products (electronics, plastics, tires, automotive and aeronautical), hence posing potential health and environmental risks. The new field of nanosafety has emerged and needs to be explored now rather than after problems becomes so ubiquitous and difficult to treat that their trend become irreversible. Such endeavour necessitates a transdisciplinary approach. A commonly forgotten and/or misunderstood risk is that of explosion/detonation of nanopowders, due to their high specific active surface areas. Such risk is emphasized and illustrated with the present development of an appropriate risk analysis. For this particular risk, a review of characterization methods and their limitations with regard to nanopowders is presented and illustrated for a few organic and metallic nanopowders.
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Dates and versions

ineris-00970540 , version 1 (02-04-2014)

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Jacques Bouillard, Alexis Vignes, Olivier Dufaud, Laurent Perrin, Dominique Thomas. Explosion risks from nanomaterials. AIChE Meeting 2009, Nov 2009, Nashville, United States. ⟨ineris-00970540⟩
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