The dynamics of vented gas explosions

Abstract : The results of a large test series on vented gas explosions are herein reported (with vessel sizes ranging from 1 m3 to 100 m3 mixture of methane, propane and hydrogen with air). The pressure was not only be measured internally but also externally ; the flame propagation was also recorded with a speed camera. It is shown that a very significant explosion could result from the formation and ignition of the combustible cloud outside the vent and that, in a number of circumstances, this "external" explosion would overcome the internal one. Surprising results were also obtained showing for instance that near the vent the maximum overpressure may be lower than further downstream not because the external explosion is developing far downstream but because of the local influence of rarefaction waves produced at the vent. But the mode of combustion of the external cloud is still outstanding and cannot be described by the traditional outward expanding flame kernel
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  • HAL Id : ineris-00970551, version 1
  • INERIS : EN-2009-386

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Christophe Proust, Emmanuel Leprette. The dynamics of vented gas explosions. AIChE Spring Meeting 2009 & 5. Global Congress on Process Safety & 43. Loss Prevention Symposium, Apr 2009, Tampa, United States. pp.NC. ⟨ineris-00970551⟩

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