Large-scale salt cavern collapse : multi-parameter monitoring from precursor signs to general failure

Abstract : A salt cavern worked by dissolution in north-eastern France (54), was instrumented in 2004 prior its collapse. The multi-parameter high resolution monitoring system consisted of a microseismic network, coupled to automatic levelling measurement system. This enabled the monitoring of the overburden response to changes in the cavern, on a daily basis, up until its collapse in February 2009. In particular, all the data highlights the major role of a competent layer, vertically above the cavern at a depth of 120 meters. The analysis of the microseismicity shows that from the spring of 2008, this layer alone provided the stability of the site, while no significant sign of instability was detected by the levelling measurements. Its general failure, nearly a year later, was followed a few hours afterwards by the formation of a crater with abrupt edges, nearly 150m in diameter. If these preliminary results clearly highlight the exceptional character of this experiment and of the information drawn from it from an operational point of view, they also show the necessity to determine accurately the various failure mechanisms in play. In particular the microseismic 'burst' events mechanism, detected during the main peaks of the microseismic activity, must be identified, in order to understand and analyse the data in their entirety
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  • HAL Id : ineris-00970672, version 1
  • INERIS : EN-2010-256

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Ngoc-Tuyen Cao, Emmanuelle Klein, Isabelle Contrucci, Xavier Daupley, Pascal Bigarre. Large-scale salt cavern collapse : multi-parameter monitoring from precursor signs to general failure. Rock Mechanics in Civil and Environmental Engineering (EUROCK 2010), Jun 2010, Lausanne, Switzerland. pp.709-712. ⟨ineris-00970672⟩

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