Ultrasonic survey and monitoring of the excavation damaged zone in callovo-oxfordian argillaceous rock

Abstract : The mining of galleries in geological claystones formation induces a stress redistribution that can cause a microfissuration of the rock around the works which, by coalescence, may generate macro field fractures. In this area called EDZ (Excavation Damaged Zone), permeability is expected to increase drastically. Those induced cracking along with increased permeability, shall be taken into account in safety assessment of deep geological disposal. Ultrasonic survey and monitoring experiments have been performed in the Underground Research Laboratory of Meuse/Haute-Marne to contribute to the understanding of the extension and evolution of this damage. Ultrasonic devices have been deployed around shaft, gallery, slot and borehole to characterize the initiation, the extension and the level of the EDZ, P-wave velocity being very sensitive to the mechanical rock perturbations. The analysis of spatial and temporal velocity field changes gave reliable information on the cracks characteristics of the especially about their opening or their preferential orientation. The results provided by an ultrasonic device around shaft mine by test highlighted the initialization and extension of the damage as the shaft front proceeded. They also showed a polarisation of the velocity field and an oscillation of the transversal isotropy with a preferential orientation of the stress release and the microcracking. Otherwise, with a new automatic and ultrasonic probe, we have found around a borehole that the damage zone extends up to 0.175 diameter of depth with an anisotropic damage pattern oriented according to the regional stress field (Figure 1). Nevertheless, the evolution of this damaged zone is still not well known at longer term, particularly under the influence of parameters such as the reconfining rock in contact with a rigid concrete surface. Is it possible that cracks close up significantly toward their seal? Induced mechanical perturbations are in this case much weaker than those generated by the excavation itself. A new ultrasonic experiment has been designed to be more sensitive to the frequency modulation of the P and S-wave sources. The purpose is to determine on site the dynamic elastic stiffness and the corresponding crack density tensors change before and during the resaturation and reconfining of the damaged and undamaged excavation vicinity
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  • HAL Id : ineris-00970727, version 1
  • INERIS : EN-2010-412

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Cyrille Balland, Jacques Morel. Ultrasonic survey and monitoring of the excavation damaged zone in callovo-oxfordian argillaceous rock. AGU Fall Meeting 2010, Dec 2010, San Francisco, United States. ⟨ineris-00970727⟩

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