Contribution of the reactive mineral surface area on CO2 mineralization under natural conditions

Abstract : A natural hydrothermal field is considered to be a useful analogue of carbon dioxide mineralization because it integrates the long-term interaction signal. The hydrothermal field of Galicia is characterized fluids resulting from a granit reservoir with pCO2 from 103 to 105 Pa and pH from 10 to 6. Fluids are characterized by an increase of major elements correlated to pCO2. We evaluated the effect of deep CO2 perturbation We evaluated the effects of deep CO2 perturbation on the fluid-rock interaction system. Mineral reactivity which produces changes in the fluid mineral composition is mainly dependent on the 'real' reactive surface area. The mineral surface area participating in reactions resulting from this pCO2 gradient was estimated by an inverse model approach. Input data was based on the chemical composition of the fluids we sampled. The rate of mineral dissolution was estimated by the observed pH and equilibrium conditions. Moreover, the major elemental concentrations allowed us to quantify the variation of the reactive surface area of minerals involved with the overall water-rock interaction. The irreversible mass transfer process, ruled by the continuum equilibrium condition, was defined by the overall degree of reaction advancement, using a set of polynomial equations solved independently of time scale.We found that reactive surface area of calcite, albite and K-feldspar increases by 2 orders of magnitude over the entire CO2 fluid-rock interaction process, while the reactive surface area of biotite increases by 4 orders of magnitude. This shows that fluid neutralisation and consequent CO2 mineralization under the form of carbonate species is greatly dependent on the behaviour of the reactive surface area of the mineral association in this geological context. We propose that biotite plays a basic role on the pH stabilisation and redox control of environmental perturbation and CO2 mineralization.
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  • HAL Id : ineris-00970886, version 1
  • INERIS : EN-2011-317

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Jean Rillard, Pierpaolo Zuddas. Contribution of the reactive mineral surface area on CO2 mineralization under natural conditions. Goldschmidt 2011 "Earth, Life and Fire", Aug 2011, Prague, Czech Republic. ⟨ineris-00970886⟩

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