Evaluating effects of pollution on Caenorhabditis elegans' population dynamic through a bio-energetic approach

Abstract : The assessment of toxic effects at biologically and ecologically relevant scales is an important issue in ecosystem protection. Mathematical models exist to predict effects of pollutant on population dynamics from individually data. Nevertheless there are only a few datasets and models that account for adaptive phenomena which may appear in a stressed population. The selection pressure exerted by a pollutant is known to amplify the phenomenon of natural selection. It is thus essential to understand and quantify the adaptive dynamics governing populations under stress in order to assess ecological risk. Regarding this background, we adapted a bioenergetic model to study adaptive phenomena in Caenorhabditis elegans population dynamic exposed to a heavy radiotoxic metal (uranium). The Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) (Kooijman, 2010) bioenergetic approach highlights the distribution of energy fluxes between processes such as growth, reproduction, maturation and maintenance. It is a relevant basis to understand and model the links between assimilation disruptions, growth and reproduction fluctuations in organisms exposed to anthropogenic stress (e.g. pollutant, global change) and to assess potential consequences on population over many generations. We therefore studied the responses of C. elegans exposed to six experimental concentration of uranium over several generations. The individual traits followed were growth curve, egg laying curve, survival until end of egg laying. We showed that uranium impacted C. elegans growth curve and egg laying over several generations, with, consequently, adverse effects on the population dynamic and variations on DEB parameters. Nevertheless, results also tend to show an evolutionary response throughout the generations.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 2, 2014 - 3:58:43 PM
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  • HAL Id : ineris-00970977, version 1
  • INERIS : EN-2012-168

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Benoît Goussen, Alexandre Pery, Rémy Beaudouin, Morgan Dutilleul, Catherine Lecomte, et al.. Evaluating effects of pollution on Caenorhabditis elegans' population dynamic through a bio-energetic approach. 6. SETAC World Congress 2012 / 22. SETAC Europe Annual Meeting "Securing a sustainable future : integrating science, policy and people", May 2012, Berlin, Germany. ⟨ineris-00970977⟩

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