Pour une culture des accidents au service de la sécurité industrielle

Abstract : This paper proposes to develop an innovative concept: the culture of accidents. We insist on its interest to facilitate the paradigm change that we believe necessary (towards an organisational and socio-technical paradigm) and in particular to improve the learning from experience. The objective is to enable the operating of the learning from experience for the field actors (operators and managers) and the safety analysts relying on a living memory and "experience pillars". Our analysis was mostly based on accident analysis and organisational approach of safety. We clearly make the use of the medical analogy in order to underline the added value of the concept with regards to the clinical investigation of accidents, the recording of a library of cases in order to facilitate (reactive and proactive) the diagnosis in those complex industrial systems. We make the assumption that this is in the extreme cases that are accidents, that we can, the best, seize and analyse the safety deterioration phenomenon (medical analogy). We specify the content of a culture of accidents (structure, references, inter-organisational character), locate it in the state of art with regards to accidentology, safety and risk cultures. Finally we propose actions to implement with required adaptations to enable actors to grasp it.
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  • HAL Id : ineris-00973593, version 1
  • INERIS : EN-2010-289

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Nicolas Dechy, Yves Dien, Michel Llory. Pour une culture des accidents au service de la sécurité industrielle. Maîtrise des Risques et de Sûreté de Fonctionnement, Lambda-Mu 17, Oct 2010, La Rochelle, France. pp.Comm 4B-1. ⟨ineris-00973593⟩

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