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The effect of oxygen concentration on CO yields in fires

Abstract : In addition to global ventilation effects on fires, vitiation of air is a ventilation related phenomenon that can also affect the generation of chemical species in a built environment. The paper is a contribution to the study on the subject. Experiments were performed at lab-scale with the Fire Propagation Apparatus in order to study the effect of air vitiation on the CO yield. Results are also presented for the fuel burning rate. Both carbon dioxide and nitrogen were used as diluents in the inlet air flows. The oxygen concentration was decreased stepwise until the extinction point was reached. A first set of experiments was performed in well-ventilated fire conditions (equivalence ration between 0.1 and 0.25). A second set of experiments was carried out in under-ventilated fire conditions (equivalence ratio equal to 1.1). The results revealed useful for improving the combustion sub-model predictions in a zone model under development.
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  • HAL Id : ineris-00976152, version 1

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Sylvain Brohez, Guy Marlair, Jean-Pierre Bertrand, Christian Delvosalle. The effect of oxygen concentration on CO yields in fires. 10. International Interflam Conference, Jul 2004, Edimbourg, United Kingdom. pp.775-780. ⟨ineris-00976152⟩

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