Experimental study of CH4/O2/CO2 mixtures flammability

Abstract : The oxy-combustion process uses CH4/O2/CO2/H2O mixtures at various concentrations, according to the different operation phases. To analyze the risks associated to this process, the safety characteristics of these explosive mixtures have to be taken into account. A literature review showed that some safety features of methane in oxygen or in air were not available. Thus, the flammability ternary diagram of CH4/O2/CO2 mixtures was determined at room temperature and 1 bar pressure. Furthermore, the influence of oxygen content on the explosion severity (Pmax; dP/dt) was investigated. The ternary mixtures were prepared directly in a 20 L spherical test vessel. The concentrations of reactants were adjusted using the relationship between the partial pressure and the molar fraction of gas. The ignition source used was an alumel fusing wire. The flammability limits of methane in oxygen were extrapolated at 5 and 68% vol., by using the established CH4/O2/CO2 mixtures ternary diagram. It also confirmed that when the carbon dioxide concentration increases, the flammability range decreases: no ignition was observed when carbon dioxide content exceeded 73%. A significant influence of the oxygen concentration on the explosion severity has been highlighted for CH4/O2/CO2 mixtures containing respectively 10, 25, 45 and 65% vol. of carbon dioxide. The maximal explosion overpressure and the maximum pressure rise were both measured near the stoechiometry. Maximum values of Pmax and dP/dt measured for a 10% vol. carbon dioxide concentration were 11.2 bar rel. and 5904 bar/s respectively, while they were 3.6 bar rel. and 72 bar/s respectively in the case of a 65% vol. carbon dioxide content in the mixture.
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Agnès Janes, Jacques Chaineaux, Guy Marlair, Douglas Carson, Wassila Benaissa, et al.. Experimental study of CH4/O2/CO2 mixtures flammability. AIChE Spring Meeting 2011 & 7. Global Congress on Process Safety (GCPS), Mar 2011, Chicago, United States. pp.NC. ⟨ineris-00976228⟩

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