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Conference Papers Year : 2018

Ammonia agricultural emissions over Europe as seen by IASI and impact on PM2.5 concentrations

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Gaelle Dufour
  • Function : Author
Matthias Beekmann
Sophie Génermont
Cathy Clerbaux
Pierre-François Coheur
  • Function : Author
Martin van Damme
Lieven Clarisse

Abstract

Ammonia (NH3), whose main source is agriculture, is an important gaseous precursor of atmospheric particulate matter (PM). However, NH3 is the most poorly understood pollutant regulated by EU directives for air quality, as flux quantification is highly uncertain and measurement of this compound at the surface of the earth is difficult. Here, we derived daily European ammonia emissions using NH3 total columns from the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) onboard Metop-A, at a relatively high spatial resolution (grid-cell of 0.5° x 0.5°) for the two years 2010 and 2011. This update of NH3, in magnitude with a relatively high spatio-temporal variability, allows for a better comparison with independent PM2.5 measurements. It shows a different seasonal cycle in 2011 with a strong peak in March 2011, rather than in April in the EMEP prior inventory. It also reveals a peak in August 2011, not described in the EMEP inventory. This preliminary study suggests that there are good promises for better quantifying NH3 emissions by atmospheric inversions, and particularly with the the 4D Bayesian variational inverse system PYVAR-CHIMERE -based on the adjoint model of CHIMERE- being adapted to NH3.
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Dates and versions

ineris-01853343 , version 1 (03-08-2018)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : ineris-01853343 , version 1

Cite

Audrey Fortems-Cheiney, Gaelle Dufour, Matthias Beekmann, Sophie Génermont, Frédérik Meleux, et al.. Ammonia agricultural emissions over Europe as seen by IASI and impact on PM2.5 concentrations. EGU General Assembly 2018, Apr 2018, Vienne, Austria. pp.EGU2018-12929-1. ⟨ineris-01853343⟩
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