Passive sampling in effect-based monitoring of two European rivers - explicability of in vitro toxic potentials by detected chemicals

Abstract : EU commission Water Framework Directive considers employment of passive sampling and use of effect-based tools in the monitoring of aquatic pollution. A combination of both approaches was used for monitoring of two rivers differing significantly in pollution levels. The Bosna, moderate-sized river in Bosnia-Herzegovina, which is burdened by untreated wastewaters, was sampled by semipermeable passive sampling devices (SPMD) and POCIS samplers. The Danube, the largest river in the EU with relatively low pollution level, was sampled using a mobile dynamic passive sampling device with silicone rubber (SR) and SDB-RPS Empore™ (ED) disc samplers. Both sampler sets consisted of partitioning sampler for non-polar chemicals (SPMD, SR) and adsorption sampler for the polar-ones (POCIS, ED). For the partitioning samplers, concentrations of collected chemicals in river water were derived using dissipation of performance reference compounds. For the adsorption samplers, the sampling rates were either taken from literature (POCIS) or calculated from correlated levels of chemicals that were detected both in adsorption (ED) and partitioning samplers (SR). The samples were analyzed for aryl hydrocarbon-, estrogen- and androgen receptor-mediated effects using in vitro bioassays. The effects were expressed as bioanalytical equivalents (BEQbio) of respective model compounds in water. The BEQbio levels were significantly higher in extracts from POCIS and ED samplers showing that the polar chemicals were responsible for most of the detected effects. Chemical analyses detected 103 and 209 chemicals in the Bosna and the Danube samples, respectively. The passive sampling allowed detection of chemicals at pg/L concentrations. The levels of chemicals with known biological potency for the studied endpoints were used for modeling of bioanalytical equivalents (BEQchem). The comparison of bioassay- and chemical analysis-derived equivalents showed that the detected chemicals explained mostly a low fraction of the BEQbio. Only in the case of estrogenicity in extracts of the samplers collecting polar chemicals, the BEQchem was comparable with the BEQbio levels. Both sampler combinations proved to be suitable for the detection of a large set of chemicals even at trace levels and for the complementary assessment of the biological potentials of the environmental mixtures. The SOLUTIONS Project was supported by the 7th Framework Programme EU (FP7-ENV-2013) with grant agreement no. 603437.
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Conference papers
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Submitted on : Friday, August 3, 2018 - 10:14:01 AM
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  • HAL Id : ineris-01853356, version 1

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Jiri Novak, Zuzana Tousova, Branislav Vrana, Foppe Smedes, R. Grabic, et al.. Passive sampling in effect-based monitoring of two European rivers - explicability of in vitro toxic potentials by detected chemicals. 28. SETAC Europe annual meeting, May 2018, Rome, Italy. ⟨ineris-01853356⟩

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