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Evaluation of chlorpyrifos effects, alone and combined with lipopolysaccharide stress, on DNA integrity and immune responses of the three-spined stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus

Abstract : Organism immune defences might be weakened by pollutants, largely detected in aquatic ecosystems, leading to the facilitation for opportunistic pathogens to infect organisms. In this context, destabilization of fish non-specific immune parameters and erythrocyte DNA integrity was tested, on a model fish species, the three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus), after exposure to chlorpyrifos (CPF). Alone, pesticide exposure induced a genotoxic potential (chlorpyrifos at 1.75 and 0.88 µg/L) in addition to a decrease in phagocytosis capacity and a stimulation of respiratory burst. Then, to mimic pathogenic infection, fish exposure to chlorpyrifos was combined with lipopolysaccharides (LPS) stress. In this second experiment, an increase of DNA damage was observed in fish exposed to a lower concentration of chlorpyrifos and LPS. Moreover, at the higher concentration of chlorpyrifos, an early destabilization of innate immunity was observed as suggested by the absence of an increase of lysosomal presence in fish injected with LPS. This study highlighted the usefulness of stress on stress responses to better understand the impact of contaminants on the organism's health.
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https://hal-ineris.archives-ouvertes.fr/ineris-01853487
Contributor : Gestionnaire Civs <>
Submitted on : Friday, August 3, 2018 - 1:43:24 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 27, 2019 - 10:59:34 AM

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Adrien Marchand, Jean-Marc Porcher, Cyril Turies, Edith Chadili, Olivier Palluel, et al.. Evaluation of chlorpyrifos effects, alone and combined with lipopolysaccharide stress, on DNA integrity and immune responses of the three-spined stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, Elsevier, 2017, 145, pp.333-339. ⟨10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.07.025⟩. ⟨ineris-01853487⟩

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