Effect of two TiO2 nanoparticles on the growth of unicellular green algae using the OECD 201 test guideline : influence of the exposure system

Abstract : This work aimed at assessing the influence of different exposure systems to perform the commonly used OECD 201 freshwater algal growth inhibition test in the context of nanoparticles hazard assessment. Two distinct TiO2 nanoparticles were considered and three different exposure systems were investigated: Erlenmeyers flasks and 24-well microplates (both using an orbital shake system), and an alternative system using cylindrical vials and magnetic stirring. All three systems are in accordance with the OECD 201 test guideline recommendations. We concluded that the exposure systems applied to achieve the test can substantially affect the ecotoxicological results and the subsequent calculated ECx. The selected systems influenced both the interaction between algal cells and TiO2 nanoparticles as well as the growth inhibition recorded. Disparities in ecotoxicity relative to the TiO2 nanoparticles tested were also observed and are finally discussed.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 6, 2018 - 2:54:14 PM
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Nicolas Manier, Séverine Le Manach, Anne Bado-Nilles, Pascal Pandard. Effect of two TiO2 nanoparticles on the growth of unicellular green algae using the OECD 201 test guideline : influence of the exposure system. Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry, Taylor & Francis, 2016, 98 (8), pp.860-876. ⟨10.1080/02772248.2015.1124881⟩. ⟨ineris-01854112⟩

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