Analysis of failure in a salt room and pillar mine

Abstract : Failure mechanisms have been investigated in a salt mine (Alsace Potash mines, East of France) excavated by the room and pillar method, a part of which is under study for chemical waste storage. This part is located at a depth of about 550 meters. Some singular failure modes appear in the roof mine. These modes are perpendicular to the axis of the gallery and are created by tensile stresses. Such a failure mode is rarely observed in classical mines (coal, construction stones, etc.). 3D modelling of the site has been required for accurate description of the physical mechanisms. The results show that the failures and more generally the roof behaviour are controlled by the deformation of the pillars inducing tensile forces in the roof. The results also show that the creep or the viscoplastic behaviour of the salt is a key element that explains the existence of such failure and their evolution over time. A parametric analysis of the properties of overburden, geometrical pillar features slenderness, confirm the conclusion. Namely, time-dependent deformation of large salt pillars generates their lateral extension and induces roof deformation and failure in tension. The numerical results are in full agreement with in-situ observations.
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Farid Laouafa, Mehdi Ghoreychi. Analysis of failure in a salt room and pillar mine. 3. International Symposium on Mine Safety Science and Engineering (ISMS 2016), Aug 2016, Montreal, Canada. pp.108-113. ⟨ineris-01854254⟩

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