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Source apportionment of organic aerosols in Paris (France) using offline-AMS analysis and validation of factors through the use of external markers

Abstract : A detailed knowledge of the sources, transformation, and fate of organic aerosols (OA) in the atmosphere has become essential because of their major impacts on climate change and air quality. A complete understanding is still hindered by the immense chemical complexity of the organic fraction emitted from both anthropogenic and biogenic sources (primary organic aerosols, POA) or formed into the atmosphere via the photochemical oxidation of (semi-) volatile organic compounds (secondary organic aerosols, SOA). The chemical speciation of OA and the identification of their major sources are then necessary. So far, detailed information on the chemical components is generally only available for 10–30% of OA. In the present study, the source apportionment of OA is presented based on the characterization of the water-soluble organic fraction of ambient air particles, collected onto conventional filters using offline-AMS analysis. An intensive campaign was performed at SIRTA-LSCE, which illustrates the suburban background conditions of Paris (France). Every 4 hour filter measurements were conducted over a period from 6 to 24, March 2015, concomitantly with online measurements, carried out using ACSM, Aethalometer, TEOM-FDMS, NOx and O3 analyzers. Source apportionment was performed on offline- AMS data by multi-linear engine (ME-2), using the newly developed Source Finder (SoFi) package. External markers (i.e. organic species like MSA, levoglucosan, oxalate and SOA molecular compounds) are used to substantiate the presence of primary and secondary factors. SoFi outputs indicate that some factors highlight different contribution over the first and second half of the sampling campaign, advocating the role of different chemical processes during these periods. Data analysis also provides more information about the different factors, their contribution to OA and existing major OA sources in Paris. Finally, results clearly illustrate the benefit of combining different measurements and the use of external markers, in aerosol source apportionment studies.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 7, 2018 - 9:16:37 AM
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  • HAL Id : ineris-01854714, version 1



Deepchandra Srivastava, Olivier Favez, Yunjiang Zhang, Nicolas Bonnaire, Kaspar Rudolf Daellenbach, et al.. Source apportionment of organic aerosols in Paris (France) using offline-AMS analysis and validation of factors through the use of external markers. 35. AAAR annual conference, Oct 2016, Portland, United States. ⟨ineris-01854714⟩



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