Investigation of primary and secondary processes in the formation of Oxy-PAHs and Nitro-PAHs in Paris (France) by conjoining on-line and off-line measurements

Abstract : The carbonaceous fraction of aerosols is composed of many compounds which constitute the organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) components. Within the organic carbon component, Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) are the prevalent contributor to atmospheric pollution and emitted by incomplete combustion processes. Atmospheric oxidation of PAHs induces the formation of oxidized compounds such as oxygenated-PAHs (oxy-PAHs) and nitrated-PAHs (nitro- PAHs). The study of these PAH derivatives have become a prime concern as most are known to be carcinogenic and potentially more mutagenic than PAHs. These compounds may also instigate the formation of secondary organic aerosol (SOA), which may represent a large source of SOA in urban areas. The main objective of this study was to investigate the primary and secondary processes leading to the formation of oxy-PAHs and nitro-PAHs. This was accomplished by utilizing information obtained from intensive filter measurements along with online monitoring. To the best of our knowledge, this unique approach has not been explored yet. Measurements were conducted at SIRTA-LSCE, which features, the suburban background conditions of Paris, France. Results highlight high concentrations of oxy-PAHs and nitro-PAHs during the period 14-21, March 2015, including specific secondary PAH derivatives as 6H-dibenz[b,d]pyran-6-one, acenaphthenequinone and 2-nitrofluoranthene. This suggests that such species could be generated through secondary processes related to high NO3 - and SO4 2- concentrations that can be explicitly observed considering ACSM results. Besides, the formation of 6H-dibenz[b,d]pyran-6-one seems to be highly influenced by the daytime chemistry while 2-nitrofluoranthene may be generated during nighttime (potentially involving NO3 radical chemistry). Interestingly, fossil-fuel-based Black Carbon (BCff) and 1-nitropyrene (1-NP, a promising marker for diesel emissions) present similar temporal concentration profiles. Discussion will further accentuate diurnal variations, information about the day- and nighttime chemistry, and also usefulness of combining off-line and on-line measurements to ensure a comprehensive understanding of the prevalent atmospheric processes.
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Conference papers
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Deepchandra Srivastava, Olivier Favez, Nicolas Bonnaire, Emilie Perraudin, Valérie Gros, et al.. Investigation of primary and secondary processes in the formation of Oxy-PAHs and Nitro-PAHs in Paris (France) by conjoining on-line and off-line measurements. 35. AAAR annual conference, Oct 2016, Portland, United States. ⟨ineris-01854715⟩

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