Evaluation of multi-phase atmospheric dispersion models for application to Carbon Capture and Storage

Abstract : A dispersion model validation study is presented for atmospheric releases of dense-phase carbon dioxide (CO2). Predictions from an integral model and two different Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) models are compared to data from field-scale experiments conducted by INERIS, as part of the EU-funded CO2PipeHaz project. The experiments studied consist of a 2 m3 vessel fitted with a short pipe, from which CO2 was discharged into the atmosphere through either a 6 mm or 25 mm diameter orifice. Comparisons are made to measured temperatures and concentrations in the multi-phase CO2 jets. The integral dispersion model tested is DNV Phast and the two CFD models are ANSYS-CFX and a research and development version of FLACS, both of which adopt a Lagrangian particle-tracking approach to simulate the sublimating solid CO2 particles in the jet. Source conditions for the CFD models are taken from a sophisticated near-field CFD model developed by the University of Leeds that simulates the multi-phase, compressible flow in the expansion region of the CO2 jet, close to the orifice. Overall, the predicted concentrations from the various models are found to be in reasonable agreement with the measurements, but generally in poorer agreement than has been reported previously for similar dispersion models in other dense-phase CO2 release experiments. The ANSYS-CFX model is shown to be sensitive to the way in which the source conditions are prescribed, while FLACS shows some sensitivity to the solid CO2 particle size. Difficulties in interpreting the results from one of the tests, which featured some time-varying phenomena, are also discussed. The study provides useful insight into the coupling of near- and far-field dispersion models, and the strengths and weaknesses of different modelling approaches. These findings contribute to the assessment of potential hazards presented by Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) infrastructure.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, August 8, 2018 - 11:44:10 AM
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S.E. Gant, V.D. Narasimhamurthy, T. Skjold, Didier Jamois, Christophe Proust. Evaluation of multi-phase atmospheric dispersion models for application to Carbon Capture and Storage. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Elsevier, 2014, 32, pp.286-298. ⟨10.1016/j.jlp.2014.09.014⟩. ⟨ineris-01855581⟩

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