European inter-comparison campaigns on test methods to determine particle matter emissions (PME) from residential heating appliances and boilers burning solid fuels performed within the EN_PME_TEST Eranet project

Abstract : Domestic heating using biomass combustion is strongly involved in the development of renewable energy. However, it can be associated to particulate matter emissions (PME) characterized by a distribution of very fine particles and large amounts of organic condensables, which strongly contribute to PM ambient air concentrations. Recent discussion within the CEN TC 295 WG 5 looking at methods for the measurement of atmospheric emissions from residential wood combustion (RWC) have come to the selection (prEN 16510-1 draft standard) of two methods based on the DIN+ (heated filter) combined to organic gaseous carbon (OGC) measurements using Flame Ionization detector (FID) and the NS3058 (dilution tunnel). The prEN16510-1 describes the collection of PME using a heated filter maintained at 160°C combined to OGC measurements using FID at 160°C or using a filter under ambient conditions after dilution using a dilution tunnel (NS 3058). A correlation obtained thanks to results of trials performed within the CEN TC 295 WG5 actions in 2011, is used to connect the results obtained by both methods. However, although the prEn16510-1 allowed to reach a consensus, there has been no agreement on the choice of a unique European method moreover, there are still some issues to be addressed. For example, it does not propose the inclusion of a cut-off of the aerosol prior to collection, the question of the temperature of the flue gas in the filtration area and organics OGC measurement which is a key parameter is not addressed. The objective of the EN_PME_TEST as a co-normative research project is to develop and validate a common European test method to determine PME from residential heating appliances and boilers burning solid biofuels which shall be the basis for a European standard for PME-measurement. Special emphasis is given to the scientific basis for the candidate method and its relevance to health and environmental issues. The work is performed by a consortium of 17 partners (research and test establishments) from 10 countries, under the umbrella of the ERA-NET Bioenergy with the financial support of public authorities, national environment agencies as well as self-funding of some of the partners.
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Isaline Fraboulet, Christian Gaegauf, Morten Gottlieb Jespersen, Jiri Horak, Florence Del-Gratta, et al.. European inter-comparison campaigns on test methods to determine particle matter emissions (PME) from residential heating appliances and boilers burning solid fuels performed within the EN_PME_TEST Eranet project. 11. International Conference and Exhibition on Emissions Monitoring (CEM 2014), May 2014, Istanbul, Turkey. ⟨ineris-01862425⟩

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