Submicron aerosol source apportionment of wintertime pollution in Paris, France by Double Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF2) using Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor (ACSM) and multi-wavelength Aethalometer

Abstract : Online non-refractory submicron Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (AMS) measurements in urban areas have successfully allowed the apportionment of specific sources and/or physical and chemical properties of the organic fraction. However, in order to be fully representative of PM pollution, a comprehensive source apportionment analysis is needed by taking into account all major components of submicron aerosols, creating strengthened bonds between the organic components and pollution sources. We present here a novel two-step methodology to perform such an analysis, by taking advantage of high time resolution of monitoring instruments: the Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor (ACSM) and the multi-wavelength absorption measurements (Aethalometer AE31) in Paris, France. As a first step, organic aerosols (OA) were deconvoluted to hydrocarbon-like OA (HOA), Biomass Burning OA (BBOA) and Oxygenated OA (OOA) with Positive Matrix Factorization, and black carbon was deconvolved into its wood burning and fossil fuel combustion fractions. A second PMF analysis was then carried out with organic factors, BC fractions and inorganic species (nitrate, sulfate, ammonium, chloride), leading to a~four-factor solution allowing real-time characterization of the major sources of PM1. Outputs of this PMF2 include two dominant combustion sources (wood burning and traffic) as well as semi-volatile and low-volatile secondary aerosols. While HOA is found to be emitted by both wood burning and traffic, the latter sources occurred to significantly contribute also to OOA.
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Jean-Eudes Petit, Olivier Favez, Jean Sciare, Francesco Canonaco, Philip Croteau, et al.. Submicron aerosol source apportionment of wintertime pollution in Paris, France by Double Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF2) using Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor (ACSM) and multi-wavelength Aethalometer. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, European Geosciences Union, 2014, 14 (24), pp.13773-13787. ⟨10.5194/acp-14-13773-2014⟩. ⟨ineris-01862440⟩

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