Différences entre approches semi-quantitative et quantitative pour l'évaluation probabiliste des risques technologiques

Abstract : The aim of this paper is to compare the probabilistic approach based on fault trees and event trees, to an approach called “semi-quantitative” as presented by the guide Omega 10 (INERIS, 2008), for the industrial risk management. A brief presentation of the "classical" probabilistic risk assessment as well as the "semi-quantitative" approach is proposed. Then, a case study is detailed to illustrate and compare their use. This case study focuses on a low pressure separator (water/gas/condensate) for which scenarios have been identified around the undesired event “gas leak due to overpressure in the separator." The system includes a control loop and the following safety barriers: an alarm with operator actions, a safety instrumented system, two safety relief valves, and a blast-proof partition. This case study therefore represents a relatively conventional system in the industry. Regarding to the implementation of the two approaches, the assessment according to the Omega 10 guide is easier and faster. In terms of results, differences can be observed, up to a factor 10.
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Elsa Rosner, Florent Brissaud, Bruno Declerck, Yann Flauw, Valérie de Dianous, et al.. Différences entre approches semi-quantitative et quantitative pour l'évaluation probabiliste des risques technologiques. Maîtrise des Risques et Sûreté de Fonctionnement, Lambda-Mu 19, Oct 2014, Dijon, France. ⟨ineris-01862455⟩

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