G. Ancellet, M. Beekmann, and A. Papayannis, Impact of a cutoff low development on downward transport of ozone in the troposphere, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.117, issue.9, pp.3451-3468, 1994.
DOI : 10.1002/qj.49711750208

B. Barret, E. Le-flochmoen, B. Sauvage, E. Pavelin, M. Matricardi et al., The detection of post-monsoon tropospheric ozone variability over south Asia using IASI data, Atmos . Chem. Phys, vol.115194, pp.9533-954810, 2011.

S. Bethan, G. Vaughan, R. , and S. J. , A comparison of ozone and thermal tropopause heights and the impact of tropopause definition on quantifying the ozone content of the troposphere, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol.37, issue.532, pp.929-944, 1996.
DOI : 10.1002/qj.49711951007

S. Bethan, G. Vaughan, C. Gerbig, A. Volz-thomas, H. Richer et al., Chemical air mass differences near fronts, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.113, issue.4, pp.13413-13434, 1998.
DOI : 10.1002/qj.49711347803

URL : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/98JD00535/pdf

I. Bey, D. J. Jacob, J. A. Logan, Y. , and R. M. , Asian chemical outflow to the Pacific in spring: Origins, pathways, and budgets, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.38, issue.1, pp.23097-23113, 2001.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0450(1999)038<0353:TROMAI>2.0.CO;2

URL : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2001JD000806/pdf

K. F. Boersma, H. J. Eskes, and E. J. Brinksma, Error Analysis for Tropospheric NO2 Retrieval from Space, J. Geophys. Res, pp.10-1029, 2004.
DOI : 10.1029/2003jd003962

URL : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2003JD003962/pdf

D. Bolton, The Computation of Equivalent Potential Temperature, Monthly Weather Review, vol.108, issue.7, pp.1046-1053, 1980.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0493(1980)108<1046:TCOEPT>2.0.CO;2

URL : http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/pdf/10.1175/1520-0493%281980%29108%3C1046%3ATCOEPT%3E2.0.CO%3B2

A. Boynard, C. Clerbaux, P. Coheur, D. Hurtmans, S. Turquety et al., Measurements of total and tropospheric ozone from IASI: comparison with correlative satellite, ground-based and ozonesonde observations, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.9, issue.16, pp.6255-627110, 2009.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-9-6255-2009

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00414722

G. R. Carmichael, I. Uno, M. J. Phadnis, Y. Zhang, and Y. Sunwoo, Tropospheric ozone production and transport in the springtime in east Asia, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.102, issue.D9, pp.10649-10671, 1998.
DOI : 10.1029/96JD03782

C. K. Chan and X. Yao, Air pollution in mega cities in China, Atmospheric Environment, vol.42, issue.1, pp.1-42, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.09.003

L. Clarisse, Y. Honi, P. Coheur, D. Hurtmans, C. et al., Thermal infrared nadir observations of 24 atmospheric gases, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.90, issue.52, p.10, 1029.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0469(2002)059<0398:ALTROA>2.0.CO;2

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00595311

C. Clerbaux, A. Boynard, L. Clarisse, M. George, J. Hadji-lazaro et al., Monitoring of atmospheric composition using the thermal infrared IASI/MetOp sounder, Atmos . Chem. Phys, vol.95194, pp.6041-605410, 2009.
DOI : 10.5194/acpd-9-8307-2009

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00256759

P. Coheur, B. Barret, S. Turquety, D. Hurtmans, J. Hadji-lazaro et al., Retrieval and characterization of ozone vertical profiles from a thermal infrared nadir sounder, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.109, issue.24, pp.10-1029, 2005.
DOI : 10.1142/3171

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00081052

O. R. Cooper, J. L. Moody, J. C. Davenport, S. J. Oltmans, B. J. Johnson et al., Influence of springtime weather systems on vertical ozone distributions over three North American sites, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.23, issue.D17, pp.22001-22013, 1998.
DOI : 10.1029/96GL00956

URL : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/98JD01801/pdf

O. R. Cooper, J. L. Moody, D. D. Parrish, M. Trainer, J. S. Holloway et al., and CO, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.119, issue.B, pp.405710-1029, 2002.
DOI : 10.1002/qj.49711950903

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00609637

O. R. Cooper, J. L. Moody, D. D. Parrish, M. Trainer, T. B. Ryerson et al., Trace gas composition of midlatitude cyclones over the western North Atlantic Ocean: A conceptual model, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.98, issue.D7, p.405610, 1029.
DOI : 10.1029/92JD01910

O. R. Cooper, C. Forster, D. Parrish, M. Trainer, E. Dunlea et al., A case study of transpacific warm conveyor belt transport: Influence of merging airstreams on trace gas import to North America, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.105, issue.D12, pp.23-0810, 1029.
DOI : 10.1029/2000JD900309

C. Crevoisier, C. Clerbaux, V. Guidard, T. Phulpin, R. Armante et al., ): impact of improved spectral resolution and radiometric noise on the retrieval of thermodynamic , chemistry and climate variables, Atmos. Meas. Tech, vol.75194, pp.4367-438510, 2014.

J. Cuesta, M. Eremenko, X. Liu, G. Dufour, Z. Cai et al., Satellite observation of lowermost tropospheric ozone by multispectral synergism of IASI thermal infrared and GOME-2 ultraviolet measurements over Europe, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.13, issue.19, pp.9675-969310, 2013.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-13-9675-2013

R. R. Draxler and G. Rolph, D: HYSPLIT (HYbrid Single- Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory), available at, NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, p.24, 2015.

D. P. Dee, S. M. Uppala, A. J. Simmons, P. Berrisford, P. Poli et al., The G. Dufour et al.: Springtime daily variations in lower-tropospheric ozone ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc, pp.553-597, 2011.

A. T. De-laat, I. Aben, and G. J. Roelofs, A model perspective on total tropospheric O 3 column variability and implications for satellite observations, J. Geophys. Res, pp.10-1029, 2005.

F. Dempsey, Observations of stratospheric O3 intrusions in air quality monitoring data in Ontario, Canada, Atmospheric Environment, vol.98, pp.111-122, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.08.024

A. Ding, T. Wang, L. Xue, J. Gao, A. Stohl et al., Transport of north China air pollution by midlatitude cyclones: Case study of aircraft measurements in summer, J. Geophys. Res, vol.114, p.830410, 1029.

A. J. Ding, T. Wang, V. Thouret, J. Cammas, and P. Nédélec, Tropospheric ozone climatology over Beijing: analysis of aircraft data from the MOZAIC program, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.85194, pp.1-1310, 2008.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00328211

K. Ding, J. Liu, A. Ding, Q. Liu, T. L. Zhao et al., Uplifting of carbon monoxide from biomass burning and anthropogenic sources to the free troposphere in East Asia, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.155194, pp.2843-286610, 2015.

C. Doche, G. Dufour, G. Foret, M. Eremenko, J. Cuesta et al., Summertime tropospheric-ozone variability over the Mediterranean basin observed with IASI, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.145194, pp.10589-1060010, 2014.

G. Dufour, M. Eremenko, J. Orphal, and J. Flaud, IASI observations of seasonal and day-to-day variations of tropospheric ozone over three highly populated areas of China, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.105194, pp.3787-380110, 2010.

G. Dufour, M. Eremenko, A. Griesfeller, B. Barret, E. Leflochmoën et al., Validation of three different scientific ozone products retrieved from IASI spectra using ozonesondes, Atmos. Meas. Tech, vol.55194, pp.611-63010, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00618864

D. P. Edwards, L. K. Emmons, D. A. Hauglustaine, A. Chu, J. C. Gille et al., Observations of carbon monoxide and aerosols from the Terra satellite: Northern Hemisphere variability, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.28, issue.12, p.2420210, 1029.
DOI : 10.1142/3171

M. Eremenko, G. Dufour, G. Foret, C. Keim, J. Orphal et al., Tropospheric ozone distributions over Europe during the heat wave in observed from infrared nadir spectra recorded by IASI, Geophys. Res. Lett, vol.35, pp.1880510-1029, 2007.

J. Fishman, A. E. Wozniak, and J. K. And-creilson, Global distribution of tropospheric ozone from satellite measurements using the empirically corrected tropospheric ozone residual technique: Identification of the regional aspects of air pollution, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.35194, pp.893-90710, 2003.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00295289

G. Foret, M. Eremenko, J. Cuesta, P. Sellitto, J. Barré et al., Ozone pollution: What can we see from space? A case study, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.12, issue.1, pp.8476-849910, 1002.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-12-3219-2012

URL : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD021340/pdf

M. George, C. Clerbaux, D. Hurtmans, S. Turquety, P. Coheur et al., Carbon monoxide distributions from the IASI/METOP mission: evaluation with other space-borne remote sensors, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.95194, pp.8317-833010, 2009.
DOI : 10.5194/acpd-9-9793-2009

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00429693

J. R. Hannan, H. E. Fuelberg, J. H. Crawford, G. W. Sachse, and B. D. , Role of wave cyclones in transporting boundary layer air to the free troposphere during the spring 2001 NASA/TRACE-P experiment, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.21, issue.D21, pp.10-1029, 2003.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0450(1982)021<1594:AHRMOT>2.0.CO;2

S. Hayashida, X. Liu, A. Ono, K. Yang, C. et al., Observation of ozone enhancement in the lower troposphere over East Asia from a space-borne ultraviolet spectrometer, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.155194, pp.9865-988110, 2015.

J. R. Holton, An Introduction to Dynamic Meteorology, American Journal of Physics, vol.41, issue.5, 2004.
DOI : 10.1119/1.1987371

J. R. Holton, P. H. Haynes, M. E. Mcintyre, A. R. Douglass, R. B. Rood et al., Stratosphere-troposphere exchange, Reviews of Geophysics, vol.51, issue.2, pp.403-439, 1995.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0469(1994)051<0169:OTCOTA>2.0.CO;2

M. Höpfner, C. E. Blom, G. Echle, N. Glatthor, F. Hase et al., Retrieval simulations for MIPAS-STR measurements Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation, Proc. of the Internat. Radiation Symp., St, pp.24-29, 2000.

J. Huang, H. Liu, J. H. Crawford, C. Chan, D. B. Considine et al., Origin of springtime ozone enhancements in the lower troposphere over Beijing: in situ measurements and model analysis, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.155194, pp.5161-517910, 2015.

D. Hurtmans, P. Coheur, C. Wespes, L. Clarisse, O. Scharf et al., FORLI radiative transfer and retrieval code for IASI, Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, vol.113, issue.11, pp.1391-1408, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2012.02.036

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00699904

D. Jaffe, T. Anderson, D. Covert, R. Kotchenruther, B. Trost et al., Transport of Asian air pollution to North America, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.102, issue.6, pp.711-714, 1999.
DOI : 10.1029/96JD03782

URL : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/1999GL900100/pdf

S. S. Kulawik, G. Osterman, D. B. Jones, and K. W. Bowman, Calculation of altitude-dependent tikhonov constraints for TES nadir retrievals, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol.44, issue.5, pp.1334-1342, 2006.
DOI : 10.1109/TGRS.2006.871206

J. Lelieveld and F. J. Dentener, What controls tropospheric ozone?, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.103, issue.108, pp.3531-3551, 2000.
DOI : 10.1029/98JD00157

URL : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/1999JD901011/pdf

J. Li, Z. Wang, H. Akimoto, C. Gao, P. Pochanart et al., Modeling study of ozone seasonal cycle in lower troposphere over east Asia, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.31, issue.D21, pp.10-1029, 2007.
DOI : 10.1029/2006JD008209

URL : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2006JD008209/pdf

Q. Liang, L. Jaeglé, D. A. Jaffe, P. Weiss-penzias, A. Heckman et al., Long-range transport of Asian pollution to the northeast Pacific: Seasonal variations and transport pathways of carbon monoxide, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.105, issue.4, pp.23-0710, 2004.
DOI : 10.1029/2000JD900309

J. Lin, D. Pan, and R. Zhang, Trend and Interannual Variability of Chinese Air Pollution since 2000 in Association with Socioeconomic Development: A Brief Overview, Atmos. Oceanic Sci. Lett, vol.6, pp.84-89, 2013.

M. Lin, T. Holloway, G. R. Carmichael, and A. M. Fiore, Quantifying pollution inflow and outflow over East Asia in spring with regional and global models, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.10, issue.9, pp.4221-423910, 2010.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-10-4221-2010-supplement

URL : http://doi.org/10.5194/acp-10-4221-2010

C. X. Liu, Y. Liu, X. Liu, C. , and K. , Dynamical and chemical features of a cutoff low over northeast China in July 2007: Results from satellite measurements and reanalysis, Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, vol.96, issue.4, pp.525-54010, 2007.
DOI : 10.1007/s00703-006-0226-3

H. Liu, D. J. Jacob, I. Bey, R. M. Yantosca, B. N. Duncan et al., Transport pathways for Asian pollution outflow over the Pacific: Interannual and seasonal variations, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.125, issue.D21, pp.10-1029, 2003.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0493(1997)125<2605:CAIVOT>2.0.CO;2

URL : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2002JD003102/pdf

X. Liu, K. Chance, and T. P. Kurosu, Improved ozone profile retrievals from GOME data with degradation correction in reflectance, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.75194, pp.1575-158310, 1575.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-7-1575-2007

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00296177

X. Liu, P. K. Bhartia, K. Chance, R. J. Spurr, and T. P. Kurosu, Ozone profile retrievals from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.105194, pp.2521-253710, 2010.
DOI : 10.5194/acpd-9-22693-2009

URL : https://doi.org/10.5194/acpd-9-22693-2009

C. Mari, M. J. Evans, P. I. Palmer, D. J. Jacob, and G. W. Sachse, Export of Asian pollution during two cold front episodes of the TRACE-P experiment, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.105, issue.D20, pp.15-1710, 2004.
DOI : 10.3402/tellusb.v42i1.15191

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00136351

D. L. Mauzerall, D. Narita, H. Akimoto, L. Horowitz, S. Walters et al., Seasonal characteristics of tropospheric ozone production and mixing ratios over East Asia: A global three-dimensional chemical transport model analysis, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.104, issue.46, pp.17895-1791010, 2000.
DOI : 10.1029/1998JD100043

W. W. Mcmillan, R. Pierce, L. C. Sparling, G. Osterman, K. Mc-cann et al., An Observational and modeling strategy to investigate the impact of remote sources on local air quality: A Houston, Texas case study from TEXAQS II, J. Geophys. Res.- Atmos, p.10, 1029.

R. D. Mcpeters, G. J. Labow, L. , and J. A. , Ozone climatological profiles for satellite retrieval algorithms, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.101, issue.D2, pp.530810-1029, 2007.
DOI : 10.1142/3171

Y. Miyazaki, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, H. E. Fuelberg, C. M. Kiley et al., Synoptic-scale transport of reactive nitrogen over the western Pacific in spring, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.123, issue.D20, p.10, 1029.
DOI : 10.1002/qj.49712353811

P. S. Monks, A review of the observations and origins of the spring ozone maximum, Atmospheric Environment, vol.34, issue.21, pp.3545-3561, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S1352-2310(00)00129-1

P. S. Monks, Gas-phase radical chemistry in the troposphere, Chemical Society Reviews, vol.10, issue.5, pp.376-395, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/0960-1686(92)90423-I

P. S. Monks, A. T. Archibald, A. Colette, O. Cooper, M. Coyle et al., Tropospheric ozone and its precursors from the urban to the global scale from air quality to short-lived climate forcer, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.155194, pp.8889-897310, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01098095

A. Nakatani, S. Kondo, S. Hayashida, T. Nagashima, K. Sudo et al., Enhanced Mid-Latitude Tropospheric Column Ozone over East Asia: Coupled Effects of Stratospheric Ozone Intrusion and Anthropogenic Sources, Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, vol.90, issue.2, pp.207-222, 2012.
DOI : 10.2151/jmsj.2012-204

N. Oshima, M. Koike, H. Nakamura, Y. Kondo, N. Takegawa et al., Asian chemical outflow to the Pacific in late spring observed during the PEACE-B aircraft mission, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.105, issue.D21, pp.23-0510, 1029.
DOI : 10.1029/2000JD900309

A. Richter, J. P. Burrows, H. Nub, C. Granier, and U. Niemeier, Increase in tropospheric nitrogen dioxide over China observed from space, Nature, vol.108, issue.D2, pp.129-132, 2005.
DOI : 10.1029/2002JD002429

C. D. Rodgers, Inverse methods for atmospheric sounding: Theory and practice, World Scientific Publications, Series on Atmospheric, Ocean, Planet. Phys, vol.2, 2000.
DOI : 10.1142/3171

G. D. Rolph, Real-time Environmental Applications and Display sYstem, available at: http://www.ready.noaa.gov (last access, NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, p.24, 2015.

S. Safieddine, C. Clerbaux, M. George, J. Hadji-lazaro, D. Hurtmans et al., Tropospheric ozone and nitrogen dioxide measurements in urban and rural regions as seen by IASI and GOME-2, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.8, issue.5, pp.10555-10566, 2013.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-8-2595-2008

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00847335

E. Schuepbach, T. D. Davies, and A. C. Massacand, An unusual springtime ozone episode at high elevation in the Swiss Alps: contributions both from cross-tropopause exchange and from the boundary layer, Atmospheric Environment, vol.33, issue.11, pp.1735-1744, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S1352-2310(98)00232-5

J. H. Seinfeld and S. N. Pandis, Physics Today, vol.51, issue.10, 1997.
DOI : 10.1063/1.882420

D. S. Stevenson, F. J. Dentener, M. G. Schultz, K. Ellingsen, T. P. Van-noije et al., Multimodel ensemble simulations of present-day and near-future tropospheric ozone, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.33, issue.7, p.10, 1029.
DOI : 10.1080/07055900.1995.9649539

G. P. Stiller, T. Dudhia, A. Echle, G. Funke, B. Glatthor et al., Clarmann, The Karlsruhe Optimized and Precise Radiative Transfer Algorithm (KOPRA), 2000.

H. Tanimoto, Y. Sawa, H. Matsueda, I. Uno, T. Ohara et al., Significant latitudinal gradient in the surface ozone spring maximum over East Asia, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.106, issue.4, pp.2180510-1029, 2005.
DOI : 10.1029/2005GL023514

H. Tanimoto, Y. Sawa, S. Yonemura, K. Yumimoto, H. Matsueda et al., Springtime daily variations in lower-tropospheric ozone

L. Zhang, Diagnosing recent CO emissions and ozone evolution in East Asia using coordinated surface observations, adjoint inverse modeling, and MOPITT satellite data, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.8, pp.3867-3880, 2008.

A. Tikhonov, On the Solution of Incorrectly Stated Problems and a Method of Regularisation, Dokl. Acad. Nauk SSSR, vol.151, pp.501-504, 1963.

J. P. Veefkind, I. Aben, K. Mcmullan, H. Förster, J. De-vries et al., TROPOMI on the ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor: A GMES mission for global observations of the atmospheric composition for climate, air quality and ozone layer applications, Remote Sensing of Environment, vol.120, pp.70-83, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.rse.2011.09.027

Y. Wang, P. Konopka, Y. Liu, H. Chen, R. Müller et al., Tropospheric ozone trend over Beijing from 2002?2010: ozonesonde measurements and modeling analysis, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.125194, pp.8389-839910, 2012.
DOI : 10.5194/acpd-12-11175-2012

URL : https://doi.org/10.5194/acpd-12-11175-2012

H. M. Worden, J. A. Logan, J. R. Worden, R. Beer, K. Bowman et al., Comparisons of Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) ozone profiles to ozonesondes: Methods and initial results, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.110, issue.5, p.10, 1029.
DOI : 10.1142/3171

URL : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2006JD007258/pdf

, Review of evidence on health aspects of air pollution ? REVIHAAP project: final technical report , WHO/Europe, 2013. World Meteorological Organization (WMO): International list of selected and supplementary ships, World Health Organization, vol.3, issue.47 18, p.143, 1957.

K. Yamaji, T. Ohara, I. Uno, H. Tanimoto, J. Kurokawa et al., Analysis of the seasonal variation of ozone in the boundary layer in East Asia using the Community Multi-scale Air Quality model: What controls surface ozone levels over Japan?, Atmospheric Environment, vol.40, issue.10, pp.1856-1868, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.10.067

C. Zhao, Y. Wang, and T. Zeng, East China Plains: A ???Basin??? of Ozone Pollution, Environmental Science & Technology, vol.43, issue.6, 1911.
DOI : 10.1021/es8027764

D. K. Zhou, A. M. Larar, X. Liu, W. L. Smith, L. L. Strow et al.,

. Geosci and . Remote, , pp.1277-1290, 2011.