Flameless venting : achievements and difficulties

Abstract : Flameless venting is a sort of dual mitigation technique allowing, in principle, to vent a process vessel inside a building where people are working without transmitting a flame outside the protected vessel. Existing devices are an assembly of a vent panel and a metal filter so that the exploding cloud is forced to go through the filter. Within the frame of ATEX Directive, those systems need to be certified. To do so a standard (NF EN 16009) has been issued describing which criteria need to be verified / measured. Among them, the “efficiency” factor as defined earlier for standard vents. This implies that flameless venting systems are basically considered as vents. But is it really so? The practical experience of INERIS in testing such systems is presented in this paper. Schematically, with a flameless vent the pressure is discharged but not the flame so that combustion is proceeding to a much longer extent inside the vessel than with a classical vent. Therefore the physics of the explosion is different. This question is discussed on the basis of experimental results and some implications on the practical use and certification process are drawn.
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Yann Gregoire, Emmanuel Leprette, Christophe Proust. Flameless venting : achievements and difficulties. 11. International symposium on hazards, prevention, and mitigation of industrial explosions (ISHPMIE), Jul 2016, Dalian, China. ⟨ineris-01863029⟩

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