Prediction of effects on chemicals on three-spined stickleback populations in mesocosms

Abstract : To improve environmental risk assessment, mechanistic models predicting the impacts of toxicants on populations such as individual-based models (IBMs) was suggested as relevant tools. Furthermore, IBMs can be coupled with DEB (Dynamic Energy Budget) models which describe physiological processes of an organism. However, the development of DEB-IBMs requires a large number of data on the organism and the population dynamics which make them difficult to build. To this aim, data from mesocosm experiments can be of great interest for developing and calibrating DEB-IBMs. One of the species that can be used in mesocosm experiments is the three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus). Furthermore, the ecology and biology of this teleost fish is relatively well-known and a DEB model for this organism has already been developed. In this study, we used data from several mesocosm experiments to describe stickleback populations under control conditions, and exposed to three concentrations of an endocrine disruptor, the Bisphenol A (BPA, 1, 10 and 100 µg/L). First, using two set of experiments in control conditions, different ways of integrated temperature and food data was tested in order to assess the relevance of the DEB model calibrated with laboratory data for sticklebacks in mesocosms. Then, the DEB-IBM was developed and calibrated and simulated endpoints of the population dynamics in control conditions were compared to the observed enpoints of the population dynamics in control conditions or exposed to BPA. We showed that the DEB model successfully predicted the growth of mature male and female sticklebacks for two set of experiments in control conditions. Furthermore, the calibrated DEB-IBM successfully predicted dynamics of stickleback populations during mesocosm experiments in control conditions. Indeed, the different descriptive variables of the populations (population size, male, female and juvenile frequencies, lengths and coefficient of variations) were well described and were used to compare with the endpoints of mesocosms exposed to BPA. In conclusion, simulated enpoints of stickleback populations can thus be used as a baseline to compare exposed populations to BPA in order to improve environmental risk assessment. In a second step, the DEB-IBM could be adapted in order to introduce the effects of toxicants such as BPA on the individuals and thus extrapolate the effects at the population level.
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Conference papers
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Submitted on : Wednesday, August 29, 2018 - 11:17:51 AM
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Viviane David, Benoît Goussen, Sandrine Joachim, Rémy Beaudouin. Prediction of effects on chemicals on three-spined stickleback populations in mesocosms. 28. SETAC Europe annual meeting, May 2018, Rome, Italy. ⟨ineris-01863951⟩

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