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Typologie du risque d’incendie et d’explosion associée au cycle de vie des biocarburants

Abstract : As proven by current events, biofuel development is becoming of worldwide interest as a result of emerging international markets, driven by a number of key factors such as the need for diversification of energy resources or combating climate change. Technically, the development of biofuels is faced with many challenges, focusing on the rapid consolidation of the production of first generation biofuels (ethanol, biodiesel) for the automotive market, whereas R&D increasingly emphasizes the industrialisation of 2G-biofuels (from “natural” biomass). This article presents the R&D initiative known as BIOSAFUEL, launched by INERIS in January 2006 to accompany the sustainable development of biofuels, while focusing on safety issues that could act as“non-technical barriers”, if not properly identified and dealt with in due time. The work undertaken so far comprises analytical paperwork, which has enabled a preliminary analysis of the typology of the fire risk for conventional biofuels, whereas some experiments have dealt with studying fire scenarios involving vegetable oils, used as bioresources for the production of biodiesel. Plans for the coming years are briefly described as well.
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Guy Marlair. Typologie du risque d’incendie et d’explosion associée au cycle de vie des biocarburants. Rapport Scientifique INERIS, 2007, 2006-2007, pp.70-73. ⟨ineris-01869094⟩

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