La prise en compte des facteurs organisationnels dans la maîtrise des risques

Abstract : A research was carried out between 2005 and 2007 on organisational safety. Following progress in the understanding of the organisational contributions to safety through previous empirical and theoretical works (i.e. high reliability organisations, normal accident, normalisation of deviance etc.), the purpose was to develop a method for risk assessment. We used scientific inputs from safety management, organisational sociology and anthropology, either from studies after accidents or during normal functioning. The strategy of the research was an interdisciplinary one combining several disciplines from engineering to social sciences. The articulation of the disciplines proved very useful to establish links between technical and social dimensions of the systems that we studied: a SME and a major international group, both in the chemical industrial. The method developed from the project consists in questioning the real functioning of the process safety management system. A process safety management system can be seen as a number of tools, methods or principles that are meant to ensure safety, linked all together (i.e. risk analysis, learning from experience, management of change etc.). In reality, fully implementing all of them is difficult. Tradeoffs are always made and biases exist in the way the tools and principles are implemented. What is interesting is to understand with the help of social insights the reasons behind these tradeoffs and biases. A subsequent question interesting is to try to understand how they impact the ability of the company to ensure safety.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [12 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal-ineris.archives-ouvertes.fr/ineris-01869201
Contributor : Gestionnaire Civs <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 6, 2018 - 12:34:53 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 7, 2018 - 1:11:30 AM
Long-term archiving on : Friday, December 7, 2018 - 4:11:16 PM

File

2008-435.pdf
Publication funded by an institution

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : ineris-01869201, version 1

Collections

Citation

Jean-Christophe Le Coze. La prise en compte des facteurs organisationnels dans la maîtrise des risques. Rapport Scientifique INERIS, 2008, 2007-2008, pp.67-69. ⟨ineris-01869201⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

29

Files downloads

22