Développement des biocarburants et enjeux de sécurité liés aux procédés de production et à la distribution

Abstract : The project BIOSAFUEL® (2006-2009) was conducted by INERIS with external partners (UPJV, ENSIB, or CERL) to provide a first overview of existing or potential safety issues. Steps of the project comprised : a) literature review operations and exchanges of actors from the biofuel industry, b) analytical assessments of products and process driven hazards pertaining to 1G and 2G biofuels c) in depth analysis of accidents that struck the biofuel industry in the last decade (identification of major accident scenario typology by use of hierarchical clustering) d) experimental phases focusing on special safety issues, like the characterization of hazards pertaining to biodiesel catalysts e) development of a user-friendly computer-assisted tool. It allows a preliminary and evaluation of hazards pertaining to biofuels chains (biodiesel, bioethanol, and hydrotreated,) with a life cycle analysis perspective. Although 1G biofuels rely on relatively mature technologies, the fast moving scene of biofuel development justify that attention keeps paid on safety issues. Favorable and unfavorable factors for safety management have been clearly identified, accidents do regularly occur, and some challenging issues are foreseen for peculiar applications like the promotion of brand new biofuels (like furanics), the use of ethanol rich fuel mixtures in diesel engines, or the use of biomass derived fuels in replacement or addition to kerosene for public aviation transport. It must be realized that safety management is actually a genuine component of sustainability of biofuels in the future.
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Guy Marlair, Carine Riviere. Développement des biocarburants et enjeux de sécurité liés aux procédés de production et à la distribution. Rapport Scientifique INERIS, 2009, 2008-2009, pp.58-62. ⟨ineris-01869248⟩

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