L’analyse technique, humaine et organisationnelle de la sécurité

Abstract : ATHOS, for "Analysis of Technical, Human and Organisational Safety" is a hybrid method for assessment of industrial safety that has been applied in empirical researches in the chemical industry. This research had the purpose of producing safety assessment of plants by taking into account organisational dimensions. One of the key principles of the project was to move beyond traditional audits as practiced in this industry in order to introduce insights from various disciplinary traditions such as engineering, ergonomic, sociology or political sciences. Based on several steps involving technical risk assessment, identification of technical and human barriers, evaluation of safety management system, description of real practices at shop floor and managerial levels as well as interactions with safety oversights (including regulator), the method attempts to capture the dynamical and systemic properties of industrial safety. The results are very encouraging. The three companies which participated to the research reacted for most of them very positively to this new way of assessing safety, beyond ‘technically’ and ‘audit’ oriented approaches. These researches demonstrate that it is possible today to better prevent technological risks by including human and social sciences into a still dominantly engineering based perspective.
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Jean-Christophe Le Coze. L’analyse technique, humaine et organisationnelle de la sécurité. Rapport Scientifique INERIS, 2010, 2009-2010, pp.69-71. ⟨ineris-01869281⟩

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