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De nouveaux modèles pour appréhender la construction de la sécurité industrielle

Abstract : The article revisits two very popular safety models to show that it might be time, after several decades, to review their value for the field. Indeed, many of the influential safety models are the product of the 80’s and 90’s: two major models by James Reason and Jens Rasmussen spring to mind. The former has been known for his ‘Swiss cheese model’ and the latter for his ‘Migration model’ and ‘Sociotechnical view’. This paper very briefly introduces the basics of these safety models in order to identify some of their strengths but also weaknesses in relation to evolution in research and also evolutions in the operating constraints of high risk systems. Indeed, over the past 20 years, on the one hand, a number of works in the social sciences have provided analytical insights which need to be acknowledged, while, on the other hand, the world has gone through an intensified stage of globalization which created a new environment shaping the configurations of high risk systems. The paper concludes with an alternative graphical representation of the sociotechnical view in order to stress key features such as circular causalities, polycentrism as well as the importance of materializing the multitude of expertise embodied in individuals interacting with each other and their material environment.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 6, 2018 - 3:04:13 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 19, 2022 - 10:17:35 AM
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  • HAL Id : ineris-01869501, version 1



Jean-Christophe Le Coze. De nouveaux modèles pour appréhender la construction de la sécurité industrielle. Rapport Scientifique INERIS, 2014, 2013-2014, pp.38-39. ⟨ineris-01869501⟩



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