Further insight into the gas flame acceleration mechanisms in pipes. Part I : experimental work

Abstract : Some years ago, one of the authors (Proust, 2015) published the conclusions of a rather large experimental work devoted to the gas flame acceleration down a long pipe. It was concluded that the flame propagation could be represented by a constantly accelerating piston. The acceleration parameter seems to be primarily linked to the expansion velocity of the burnt product. Other parameters seemed of secondary importance questioning in particular the respective roles of the turbulence of the flame and of the instabilities. Further experiments were performed using perfectly smooth and rough tubes (figure 1), varying the diameter of the pipe (150 and 250 mm) and the reactivity of the mixtures (methane-air and hydrogen air at various equivalence ratios). The smooth pipe is transparent enabling a direct visualization of the flame during the flame propagation and a refined resolution of the flame trajectory (in the steel pipes standard flame sensors were used). The pressure was measured at various locations but also the flow velocities in the boundary to try and detect any turbulence development. Only homogeneous and quiescent mixtures were studied and the flame was propagated from a closed ignition end toward the other open end. The results of the parametric study are presented in this paper.
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Jérôme Daubech, Emmanuel Leprette, Christophe Proust, Guillaume Lecocq. Further insight into the gas flame acceleration mechanisms in pipes. Part I : experimental work. 12. International symposium on hazards, prevention, and mitigation of industrial explosions (ISHPMIE), Aug 2018, Kansas City, United States. ⟨ineris-01875965⟩

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