Évaluation des coûts et des bénéfices sanitaires de politiques de lutte contre la pollution de l’air : la chaîne de modèles Ineris

Abstract : An integrated modelling chain capable of evaluating air pollution policies with respect to their costs, their impacts on air quality and associated health effects was developed and implemented at Ineris. It allows quantifying and monetising health effects of both complex sets of emission reduction measures (policy scenarios) and individual measures, and also taking into account the air quality impact of climate change. The modelling chain is based on the Impact Pathway Approach which follows a logical progression from emission, through dispersion and exposure to quantification of impacts and their valuation. Three models form the core of the modelling chain: the integrated assessment model GAINS-FR, the chemistry-transport model CHIMERE and the health impact analysis tool ARP-FR. GAINS provides information on emission reductions and costs of air pollution mitigation strategies. CHIMERE allows calculating these strategies’ effect on air quality, and ARP-FR serves to assess benefits in the form of avoided health effects. In cost-benefit analyses, the health benefits are put into perspective with information on the costs of emission reduction measures and/or scenarios. The modelling chain has been used in studies providing support to decision makers as well as in research projects
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Simone Schucht, Augustin Colette, Jean-Marc Brignon, Bertrand Bessagnet, Laurence Rouil. Évaluation des coûts et des bénéfices sanitaires de politiques de lutte contre la pollution de l’air : la chaîne de modèles Ineris. Rapport Scientifique INERIS, 2018, 2017-2018, pp.38-39. ⟨ineris-02044867⟩

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