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Stockage souterrain de gaz naturel : étude du comportement d’une cavité saline en cycles rapides de soutirage

Abstract : The natural gas storage in salt caverns requires fast injection/ withdrawal cycles due to the increasing dynamics of the energy market. High rates induce rapid changes in the internal pressure of the stored gas causing important temperature changes inducing rocksalt damage. To experimentally observe this phenomenon, the Starfish project led to initiate and characterize the damage caused by purely thermal stresses (cooling-induced) at the surface of a large bloc of rock in the salt Mine of Varangéville (France, near Nancy). The objective was to determine the type of failure mechanism involved with repeated cooling stages. Since the salt generates Acoustic Emissions (AE) with low attenuation of the stress waves, acoustic monitoring has been chosen as one of the methods to follow the impact of the salt cooling. In addition to thermal and mechanical sensors, an acoustic monitoring device consisting of 16 ultrasonic sensors has been installed on the free surface and in boreholes. It enabled to record and locate a large number of AE (58,426) located with good accuracy (2.5 cm). Those AE can be correlated to the evolution of salt fracturing. Acoustic activity is very intense at the start of each cooling cycle, then it decreases with time to reach a very low level (background) after about 15 days. The average localisation depth reached by the AE is about 90 cm during the first cooling period. For subsequent cooling cycles, this depth is limited to 74 cm. All these results show that the first cooling period is decisive, as it contains the strongest and deepest acoustic emissions. It would have been useful to know whether a first cycle with a lower temperature amplitude could have decreased the maximum amplitude and final depth of the AE. This crescendo approach would be useful for operators
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https://hal-ineris.archives-ouvertes.fr/ineris-02044872
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 21, 2019 - 4:41:38 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 24, 2020 - 4:34:21 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, May 22, 2019 - 8:36:16 PM

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2018-398.pdf
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  • HAL Id : ineris-02044872, version 1

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Cyrille Balland, Joel Billiotte, Bruno Tessier, Grégoire Hevin, Emmanuel Hertz. Stockage souterrain de gaz naturel : étude du comportement d’une cavité saline en cycles rapides de soutirage. Rapport Scientifique INERIS, 2018, 2017-2018, pp.50-51. ⟨ineris-02044872⟩

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