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Developing TK databases and tools to support food safety assessment

Abstract : requirements for pre-market authorisation of pesticides (regulation 283-284/2013) for which comparative in vitro metabolism (rat) human and in vivo rat TK data are required. As a consequence, EFSA has been involved in collaborative research to develop TK tools and databases for food safety in the human health, animal health and ecological area. After problem formulation, risk assessors may start at low tier (e.g. basic information and default values) under time and resource constraints, or use all data available for a particular chemical. In this situation, ADME and toxicity information may allow sound dose response modelling and a full quantitative assessment. In a broad context, developing generic tools and databases allow replacing default values with quantitative metrics for physiological, TK and toxicity parameters in any data situation. First, physiological parameters for species of interest are collected and integrated, within a set of differential equations, into generic models. These range from allometric scaling, one compartment model to full physiologically-based TK models (PB-TK). Third, databases reporting physico-chemical and ADME properties, TK parameters and bioaccumulation provide input data to run the models for predicting blood concentrations or elimination patterns. Applications are illustrated including modelling interspecies differences in renal elimination using allometric scaling, integrating variability in human metabolism into generic PB-TK models and development of a modelling platform: TKplate (Wiecek et al., 2018, Darney et al., 2018). Future perspectives include the development of guidance and case studies to use TK tools in routine risk assessment and training programmes.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 12, 2021 - 9:41:27 AM
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Jean-Lou Dorne, Billy Amzal, Nadia Quignot, W. Wiecek, Camille Bechaux, et al.. Developing TK databases and tools to support food safety assessment. 54. Congress of the European Societies of Toxicology (EUROTOX 2018), Sep 2018, Bruxelles, Belgium. pp.S5, ⟨10.1016/j.toxlet.2018.06.023⟩. ⟨ineris-03224934⟩



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