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Systèmes d’information de surveillance en santé-environnement

Abstract : An environmental health tracking information system (currently known as an Environmental Public Health Tracking (EPHT)) is a study or surveillance tool to provide useful data for prioritizing prevention actions. Various approaches have been developed at the international level, with varying levels of maturity, to provide programs in which data production is consistent with the tracking objectives and ensure they are operational within a management framework. This synthesis proposes to explore integrated surveillance systems through the description of international experience. Access to information and justice in environmental matters as well as public participation in decision-making coincide with increased attention to the scientific and democratic debate on environmental justice and on joint social and environmental policies. The first EPHTs appeared in this context in the 2000s and now provide access to and integration of data or databases at different administrative levels, promote interoperability of systems, and improve the quality of the data produced and the integration of environmental aspects in all policies. Other interactive online tools provide users with easy navigation to explore various dimensions of exposure at the local level. However, the use of spatial data to characterize environmental exposures did not initially meet the objectives of the studies, which led to use biases. To partially overcome these problems, different techniques are introduced to specifically address the different environmental, behavioral, or population databases. With the emergence of the concept of the "exposome", the territorialization of the concept for management purposes requires the development of new dynamic, multidimensional, longitudinal approaches, information systems that use cross-disciplinary methods for data analysis, and stakeholder coordination at all administrative levels.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 19, 2021 - 10:50:54 AM
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Julien Caudeville, Sarah Habran. Systèmes d’information de surveillance en santé-environnement. Environnement, Risques & Santé, 2019, 18 (3), pp.235-244. ⟨10.1684/ers.2019.1307⟩. ⟨ineris-03229710⟩



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