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Determination of maternal and foetal distribution of cis- and trans-permethrin isomers and their metabolites in pregnant rats by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)

Abstract : We developed a method to quantify cis-permethrin and trans-permethrin and their metabolites in several biological matrices in pregnant rats and foetuses using liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The objective was to quantify cis-permethrin and trans-permethrin in faeces, kidney, mammary gland, fat and placenta in mothers and in both maternal and foetal blood, brain and liver. The metabolites cis-3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethyl-(1-cyclopropane) carboxylic acid (cis-DCCA), trans-3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethyl-(1-cyclopropane) carboxylic acid (trans-DCCA) and 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA) were measured in blood, liver and urine. Sample preparation was performed by liquid-liquid extraction. A purification step was not carried out except for the more complex biological samples (fat, mammary glands and faeces). Validation parameters including specificity, linearity, matrix effect, limits of quantification (LOQs), accuracy and precision were evaluated. The recoveries of target compounds ranged from 47 to 136%. LOQs were in the range 4 to 80 ng/mL for permethrin isomers and 4 to 800 ng/mL for their respective metabolites. Intra- and inter-batch precision and accuracy in matrix were better than 15%. The validated method was applied in a preliminary toxicokinetic study in pregnant rats with oral dosing of 50 mg/kg permethrin. In pregnant rats, permethrin isomers and their metabolites were quantified in all requested matrices except maternal liver and blood for trans-permethrin and cis-DCCA respectively. In foetuses, cis- and trans-permethrin were also quantified, demonstrating that the method is suitable for the analysis of foetal distribution of permethrin in toxicokinetic studies.
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https://hal-ineris.archives-ouvertes.fr/ineris-03229714
Contributor : Gestionnaire Civs <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 19, 2021 - 10:51:06 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 7, 2021 - 10:26:02 AM

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Stéphane Personne, Paulo Marcelo, Serge Pilard, Sylvie Baltora-Rosset, Aurélie Corona, et al.. Determination of maternal and foetal distribution of cis- and trans-permethrin isomers and their metabolites in pregnant rats by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, Springer Verlag, 2019, 411 (30), pp.8043-8052. ⟨10.1007/s00216-019-02157-7⟩. ⟨ineris-03229714⟩

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