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Generic physiologically-based toxicokinetic modelling for fish : Integration of environmental factors and species variability

Abstract : One of the goals of environmental risk assessment is to protect the whole ecosystem from adverse effects resulting from exposure to chemicals. Many research efforts have aimed to improve the quantification of dose-response relationships through the integration of toxicokinetics. For this purpose, physiologically-based toxicokinetic (PBTK) models have been developed to estimate internal doses from external doses in a time-dependent manner. In this study, a generic PBTK model was developed and adapted for rainbow trout (Onchorhynchus mykiss), zebrafish (Danio rerio), fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas), and three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus). New mechanistic approaches were proposed for including the effects of growth and temperature in the model. Physiological parameters and their inter-individual variability were estimated based on the results of extensive literature searches or specific experimental data. The PBTK model was implemented for nine environmental contaminants (with log k(ow) from - 0.9 to 6.8) to predict whole-body concentrations and concentrations in various fish's organs. Sensitivity analyses were performed for a lipophilic and a hydrophilic compound to identify which parameters have most impact on the model's outputs. Model predictions were compared with experimental data according to dataset-specific exposure scenarios and were accurate: 50% of predictions were within a 3-fold factor for six out of nine chemicals and 75% of predictions were within a 3-fold factor for three of the most lipophilic compounds studied. Our model can be used to assess the influence of physiological and environmental factors on the toxicokinetics of chemicals and provide guidance for assessing the effect of those critical factors in environmental risk assessment.
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https://hal-ineris.archives-ouvertes.fr/ineris-03318091
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Submitted on : Monday, August 9, 2021 - 12:06:49 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, August 10, 2021 - 3:32:34 AM

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Audrey Grech, Cléo Tebby, Céline Brochot, Frédéric Y. Bois, Anne Bado-Nilles, et al.. Generic physiologically-based toxicokinetic modelling for fish : Integration of environmental factors and species variability. Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2019, 651, pp.516-531. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.163⟩. ⟨ineris-03318091⟩

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